||Federation and Meteorology
Table of Contents
Notes Prepared by John Hogan
I Join the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology
H. A. Hunt (18661946) First Commonwealth Meteorologist
Inigo Jones (18721954)
Griffith Taylor, D.SC, B.E., B.A. (18801963)
Edward Kidson, O.B.E., D.Sc., F. Inst. P. (18821939)
My Recollections of Captain Edward Kidson (R.E) O.B.E, D.Sc., F. Inst. P. (18821939)
When Mawson (later Sir Douglas Mawson) planned his Australian Antarctic Expedition of 191114, he made provision for a base at Macquarie Island, primarily to serve as a wireless-telegraph relay station to ensure uninterrupted communication between his Australian base at Hobart and the temporary bases at widely separated points on the edge of the Antarctic continent.
At this time wireless-telegraphy was in its infancy, but already this means of communication had been established in Australia at a number of coastal stations and on a few ocean-going ships, though its effective range was limited.
Mawson's expedition was essentially one of scientific exploration, thus he staffed the Macquarie Island base with three scientists, in addition to two wireless-telegraphy operators. The leader of the original party was G. F. Ainsworth, a meteorologist in the Melbourne office of the Commonwealth Meteorological Bureau, which had been established four years earlier. He and his companions were transported to Macquarie Island by the Aurora (Captain J. K. Davis) arriving there in December 1911.
Ainsworth continued his meteorological work as well as his duties as Officer-in-Charge for two years. His party was then due for relief. From among the volunteers, to replace Ainsworth, one was chosen and after the preliminary training, he joined the expedition ship at Hobart.
People in Bright Sparcs - Davis, John King; Hogan, John; Mawson, Douglas
© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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