||Federation and Meteorology
Table of Contents
RAAF Meteorological Service
Chapter 1: The Weather Factor in Warfare
The Weather and Chemical Warfare
Chapter 2: Establishing and Developing the RAAF Directorate of Met. Services (D.Met.S)
Chapter 3: Recruiting and Training of Personnel
Chapter 4: Meteorology in Aviation
Chapter 5: The Met. Retreating
Chapter 6: The Met. Advancing
Chapter 7: The Met With the Army and the Navy
Chapter 8: Divisional Offices of the Bureau of Meteorology During the War
Chapter 9: Research and Instrumental Development
Chapter 10: The End, Aftermath, and Beyond
Chapter 1: The Weather Factor in Warfare (continued)
Generally speaking, weather intelligence required during the war fell into two main categories:
A Climatological Intelligence Section was established in the RAAF D.Met.S. under the control of Squadron-Leader J. Hogan (18961970). A survey was conducted of weather conditionsrainfall, temperature, humidityfor the New Guinea region. Statistics were first published in 1940. In 1942, D.Met.S. was asked by Allied Headquarters for information on Guadalcanal, preparatory to the drive there by the US forces against the Japanese. Similar information was supplied for subsequent planning operations in the recapture of New Guinea, New Britain and the Netherlands East Indies.
However, the most important task for D.Met.S. was the provision of short-range forecasts, particularly those for Allied aircraft operations. These forecasts required a high degree of accuracy regarding winds for navigation, visibility and cloud cover for air strikes and landings, and for dropping paratroopers and supplies.
Wherever there's war there's weather too. Squadron-Leader J. N. McRae recalled an instance in 1943 when he was in the North-Western Area (HQ Darwin) with the Japanese advancing south from Ambon under cover of bad weather. Two RAAF Hudsons from Darwin were lost in the operations involved.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)
People in Bright Sparcs - Hogan, John; McRae, John Neil
© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher