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Table of Contents

RAAF Meteorological Service



Chapter 1: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 2: Establishing and Developing the RAAF Directorate of Met. Services (D.Met.S)
Summary of Activities and Developments in D.Met.S. to mid-1943
Coordination of RAAF and United States Army Air Force and Navy Weather Services
Operational Difficulties

Chapter 3: Recruiting and Training of Personnel

Chapter 4: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 5: The Met. Retreating

Chapter 6: The Met. Advancing

Chapter 7: The Met With the Army and the Navy

Chapter 8: Divisional Offices of the Bureau of Meteorology During the War

Chapter 9: Research and Instrumental Development

Chapter 10: The End, Aftermath, and Beyond

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4



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Coordination of RAAF and United States Army Air Force and Navy Weather Services

From early in 1942, USAAF weather personnel began to arrive in Australia, and, by April of that year, formed a full weather squadron, nominated the 15th Weather Squadron, under the direct command of a Regional Control Officer (R.C.O.).

So as to ensure efficient use of the combined resources of the RAAF and USAAF weather services, a Directorate of Allied Meteorological Services was established by General Order 16 of 4 June 1942, issued from Allied Air Force Headquarters under authority of the Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Air Force. This order nominated the Director of RAAF Met. Services as Director of the Allied service, with the R.C.O. of US 15th Weather Squadron as Deputy Director.

Because of a change in the constitution of the Allied Air Force in the South-West Pacific, the original status quo was restored on 8 November 1943, when the Allied Meteorological Service was dissolved by General Order 61. The D.Met.S. and the R.C.O. of the US 15th Weather Squadron resumed control over their separate organisations. The R.C.O. became responsible for the provision of services to United States air and land forces, and the D.Met.S. responsible for all other meteorological services, including the basic meteorological organisation necessary for the maintenance of both services.

The position as at 1 March 1943 in respect of the USAAF 15th Weather Squadron was established as follows:

Table 4. USAAF 15th Weather Region Meteorological Sections
Forecasting Status18
Observing Status2
Personnel Strength
Radio Operators55

Arrangements for the US Navy Weather Service were slightly different. Personnel of this service arrived in Australia in small numbers in 1942, and were eventually placed under the control of the Aerographer to COMSOWESPACFOR, Brisbane.[17]

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)

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Joyce, J. 1993 'The Story of the RAAF Meteorological Service', Metarch Papers, No. 5 October 1993, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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