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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 1

I Groping In A Strange Environment: 1788-1851

II Farmers Take The Initiative: 1851-1888
i Setting the scene for change
ii A transplanted community; a transplanted technology
iii The development of appropriate technology
iv Importation, adaptation and innovation in cropping
v Introduction and innovation in livestock husbandry

III Enter Education And Science: 1888-1927

IV Agricultural Science Pays Dividends: 1927-1987

V Examples Of Research And Development 1928-1988

VI International Aspects Of Agricultural Research

VII Future Prospects

VIII Acknowledgements



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Introduction and innovation in livestock husbandry (continued)

During the 1880s there were two further developments which allowed for the consolidation of the systems of livestock production that had evolved, and which have continued in their main essentials ever since. The most important of these was the development of refrigeration (see Chapter 2) which made possible the selling of meat and dairy produce on the world market (primarily the British market for many years). This meant that Australian farmers were no longer limited to the small Australian market for selling their perishable produce; a change of great significance for the expansion of the beef cattle and dairy industries, though lamb and mutton, too, were soon exported in large quantities. The introduction of irrigation in the 1880s (see Chapter 3) meant that selected dry inland areas close to the main rivers could be brought under intensive cultivation and used for dairying and the production of prime lambs, fruit, wine and specialist crops. The subsequent expansion of irrigation coincided with the advent of the world wide marketing opportunities created by the introduction of refrigeration.

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© 1988 Print Edition page 16, Online Edition 2000
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