||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I 1788 - State Of The Art In Textile Technology
II Australian Textiles - The Early Days
III Australian Textiles - The 20th Century
i Technology and Development
ii Australian Wool Textile Research
IV Australian Textiles - To Date
Technology and Development (continued)Lipson went on in 1937 to join CSIR Division of Animal Health and Nutrition to work with M. R. Freney on fleece chemistry and ecto-parasites in sheep. In his spare time, however, (with Freney's blessing) he continued his work on shrink-proofing, and within a very short time (1938) had developed a promising new treatment utilising caustic soda dissolved in methylated spirits. This process also attacked the fibre scales, but because it was carried out in an organic solvent there was less damage inside the fibre.
The process became the subject of the first patent application made by CSIR, and, although the provisional patent was subsequently dropped, the process was put into practice by Holeproof Hosiery Ltd., Melbourne. The 'Freney-Lipson' process -as it became known -was used widely during the war to shrink-proof Australian and U.S. defence-force socks.
Eventually, CSIR saw the advantage of secondary industry research and established the Division of Industrial Chemistry, which Freney and Lipson joined. As well as shrink-proofing, research into other aspects of the wool fibre and processing was started, including the composition of wool wax, solvent degreasing of raw wool, and basic studies of the wool fibre.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - CSIRO; CSIRO Division of Animal Health and Nutrition; CSIRO Division of Industrial Chemistry; Holeproof Hosiery Ltd, Melbourne
People in Bright Sparcs - Freney, M. R.; Lipson, Dr M.
© 1988 Print Edition page 275, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher