||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I Construction During The Settlement Years
II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material
III Structural Steel
i The Entertainment Centres at Sydney and Brisbane
ii The Centrepoint Tower, Sydney
iii The Merivale Rail Bridge - Brisbane
IV Concrete Technology
VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing
VII Ports And Harbours
IX Heavy Foundations
XII Water Engineering
XIV Major Buildings
XVI Thermal Power Stations
XVII Materials Handling
XVIII Oil Industry
XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme
XX The Sydney Opera House
XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge
XXII Hamersley Iron
XXIII North West Shelf
Sources and References
Construction in iron started in Australia early in the 19th century and one of the first iron bridges built in the country was the Barwon River Bridge at Geelong, completed in 1859 to a design by William Fairbairn & Sons of Manchester, England. The main span was supported by twin wrought iron boxes and at 64.0 metres was the longest span in Australia until the opening of the Fitzroy River Suspension Bridge at Rockhampton in 1881.
An iron bridge over the Yarra River at Hawthorn was completed in 1861 and is the oldest surviving metal bridge in the country. The last forty years of the 19th century saw frantic activity in the building of railways throughout Australia and many significant iron and steel bridges were built. Australian engineers have pioneered some significant developments in the use of structural steel. The North Fitzroy gas holder (1923) and McKillops Bridge over the Snowy River (1931), both in Victoria, were pioneering uses of welding to join structural steel members. In 1931 composite steel girder and concrete deck bridges were completed in Queensland and Tasmania. These were the first applications of this now widely accepted method of constructing bridge decks and building floors.
Many notable steel structures have been built in Australia over the last 100 years. Although it is not possible to list all the significant structures, the following abbreviated list will give some indication of the range of the use of steel.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - thermal power stations, named
People in Bright Sparcs - Cameron, I. G.
© 1988 Print Edition page 322, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher