||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I Construction During The Settlement Years
II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material
III Structural Steel
IV Concrete Technology
VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing
VII Ports And Harbours
ii Mineral Ports
iii Oil and Gas Ports
iv Other Bulk Cargoes
IX Heavy Foundations
XII Water Engineering
XIV Major Buildings
XVI Thermal Power Stations
XVII Materials Handling
XVIII Oil Industry
XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme
XX The Sydney Opera House
XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge
XXII Hamersley Iron
XXIII North West Shelf
Sources and References
Oil and Gas PortsThe discovery between 1961 and 1968 of proven commercial oil and natural gas fields such as Moonie, Gidgealpa, Barrow Island, Moomba and the Bass Strait fields of Barracouta, Marlin and Kingfish made Australia 70 per cent self-sufficient in oil, whilst natural gas was also available in large quantities for piping to capital cities. Following the discovery of the Bass Strait oil fields a distribution point was required and Westernport, with its natural deep channels, safe anchorages and undeveloped land, as well as the presence of an existing refinery was the logical choice for such a terminal.
The Long Island Liquids pier was constructed to cater for both LPG tankers as well as crude oil tankers up to 100,000 d.w.t. The most recently constructed liquids terminal is at Port Bonython on the western shore of Spencer Gulf, South Australia (Fig. 21). This serves the central Australian Cooper Basin oil fields. The jetty, which was completed in 1984, is 2.4 kilometres long and it has been designed to handle crude oil tankers up to 110,000 d.w.t. and LPG tankers up to 45,000 d.w.t.
In keeping with current regulations for bulk liquids terminals the jetty has the most up to date fire protection and oil spill control systems, emergency shut down and surge relief systems, shore tankage for ships' ballast and navigation aids.
People in Bright Sparcs - Wallace, J. M.
© 1988 Print Edition pages 341 - 342, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher