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Table of Contents

History of Research in the Bureau of Meteorology




Chapter 1: Germination and Growth

Chapter 2: Struggle, Competition and Emergence
The Struggle for Recognition
International Involvement
Local Cooperation
The Bureau Goes Solo

Appendix 1: Meteorology Act 1906

Appendix 2: Meteorology Act 1955

Appendix 3: Simpson Report

Appendix 4: Survey Questionnaire

Appendix 5: Bibliography



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International Antarctic Analysis Centre

The Bureau's first involvement with an international scientific research program began in 1957, when its personnel assisted in the planning for and conduct of the International Geophysical Year Antarctic research program. With the closure of the Antarctic 'Weather Central' at the Little America base following the successful completion of the program, the Bureau made a proposal, in conjunction with the Australian Academy of Science (AAS) to the Special (later Scientific) Committee For Antarctic Research (SCAR) to take over its operations (Priestley [66]). The new centre was to be based in Melbourne as part of the Bureau's Head Office.

This application was personally approved by the Prime Minister on 20 October 1958 (BOM [13]) and the International Antarctic Analysis Centre (IAAC) began work in February 1959, with support from a number of the Antarctic Treaty nations.

For the first time Bureau staff worked with their international counterparts, under the able leadership of senior Bureau meteorologist Henry Phillpot, in the areas of both synoptic and research meteorology. Priestley[66] notes that this combination was very successful in demonstrating the viability and operational usefulness of the first hemispheric analyses. Unfortunately however, the IAAC was closed following the establishment of the WMC in Melbourne in November 1964 and the resultant Bureau reorganisation.

H. R. Phillpot

H. R. Phillpot (with pen in hand), leader of the IAAC from 1959 until 1964, pictured here in 1962 with other local and overseas professional staff members of the IAAC.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - International Antarctic Analysis Centre

People in Bright Sparcs - Phillpot, Henry Robert; Priestley, Charles Henry Brian (Bill)

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Gardner, J. 1997 'Stormy Weather: A History of Research in the Bureau of Meteorology', Metarch Papers, No. 11 December 1997, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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