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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation (continued)

There were other obsessive fliers fired with ambition to develop Australia's aviation industry, Hinkler, and Kingsford Smith, Ulm, Warner and Lyon, had seized the public imagination in 1928, Hinkler by his pioneering solo flight from England to Australia in a tiny Avro Avian, and Smithy and his crew by their flight across the Pacific from California to Brisbane in the tri-motor Fokker Southern Cross. In 1930 Kingsford Smith and Ulm established their own airline.

While Qantas and WAA had operated with the benefit of Government backing, Smithy and Ulm's airline operated without Government subsidy. Their initiative secured private financial backing to create Australian National Airlines (ANA) which commenced operation on 1 January 1930 on the Sydney-Brisbane route with the Avro 10 (an aircraft manufactured by Avro under license from Fokker). They generated immense public interest that caused a surge in the aviation industry.

That remarkable development was threatened by an appalling lack of adequate support for the aviation industry, not only in Australia but elsewhere in the world. Fliers had visions of developing the industry, and the manufacturers were keen to develop improved aircraft, but the planning and installation of adequate aerodromes, ground facilities, navigational aids, radio communications and meteorological support had not kept pace. Frequent accidents involving the loss of aircraft, passengers and crew were mainly due to the lack of these support facilities, although some were due to faults in aircraft design, notably in the DH86.

It was most unfortunate for ANA that the Avro 10 Southern Cloud crashed on 21 March 1931. Without this crash ANA might have prospered and could possibly have been preferred over Qantas and WAA for the operation of the England-Australia route.

The lack of facilities which contributed to the loss of Southern Cloud were the:

  1. absence of radio communication between the aircraft and the ground;

  2. lack of navigational aids to indicate to the crew the position of the aircraft; and

  3. inadequacy of the meteorological services.

People in Bright Sparcs - Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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