Page 895
Previous/Next Page
Federation and MeteorologyBureau of Meteorology
Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



Contact us

Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation (continued)

International civil airline services to and from Australia, interrupted by the war, resumed in 1945 but were severely hampered by lack of suitable aircraft. Five Lancastrian civil aircraft (converted RAF Lancaster bombers) were delivered to Qantas in April 1945, but although they had longer range and higher ceiling than other civil aircraft they had a very limited passenger capacity, were unpressurised (passengers needing oxygen) and were therefore uneconomical for civil operation. At this time Qantas was operating Short Hythe flying-boats (converted Sunderlands) which took seven days to fly the Sydney-Southampton route.

The surge in domestic and international civil aviation from 1945 placed considerable strain on the Bureau and its aviation forecasters. Because of the lack of sophisticated technological aids for take-off and landing and in-flight navigation and because of the relatively low speeds and short range of the aircraft, weather conditions at airports and upper winds below about 15 000 feet en route were of critical importance for the safe, efficient and economical operation of both domestic and international airlines. In contrast, at the present time, aircraft operations are relatively independent of weather conditions.

H. N. Warren as Director of Meteorology had difficult decisions to make. It was obvious that meteorological services for civil aviation should be given the highest priority but with the return of many of his wartime staff to their pre-war occupations, qualified forecasters were in short supply. In addition to demands on his time to deal with aviation requirements he was keen to provide other meteorological and climatological services for a wide range of customers, agriculturalists, pastoralists, builders, businessmen, industrialists, the news media and the general public. He was also conscious of the need to improve Bureau facilities for observations of conditions near the Earth's surface and in the upper air, to make long-range provision for recruiting and training Bureau staff, to improve warning services for floods, bushfires, tropical cyclones and to ensure Bureau involvement in international cooperation in meteorology.

People in Bright Sparcs - Warren, Herbert Norman

Previous Page Bureau of Meteorology Next Page

Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher