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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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The Universities (continued)

On his appointment Loewe began a study of temperature soundings by RAAF aircraft based at Laverton, the results of which were published in Bureau Bulletin No 27 in 1940. A similar study by Radok was published in Bulletin No 37 in 1946.

Uwe Radok joined the Meteorological Department of the University of Melbourne as technical assistant to Loewe in September 1944. Radok's background is as remarkable as that of Loewe.

Born in 1916, Uwe Radok first became interested in meteorology when he heard Alfred Wegener (with whom Loewe was also associated) deliver a lecture at his school in Germany in 1928. In 1931 Uwe took up gliding and in 1934, at the age of 18, trained as an aeroplane pilot while on holiday in England. As a 'non-Aryan' he was forced to carry a yellow identification card and, like Loewe, suffered discrimination in being unable to attend certain educational institutions.

In May 1938 Uwe left Germany to take up employment as an engineering draftsman in Scotland but, with the outbreak of war with Germany in 1939, he was interned as an enemy alien. Dispatched on a ship bound for Canada after the fall of France he was fortunate to survive when the ship was torpedoed.

He was then sent to Australia on the Dunera, suffering the privations of enemy aliens depicted in books and a film. With others he was consigned to a camp at Bonegilla, was fitted out with army uniform and, when not employed on other duties, spent time studying Petterssen's Weather Analysis and Forecasting and R. A. Fisher's Statistical Methods for Research Workers. After two years in army uniform in 1944 he found employment as a technical assistant with Loewe in the Meteorological Section of the University of Melbourne.

Finance for the Meteorological Section of the University of Melbourne was from a grant of 1500 pounds in the budget of the Bureau with 890 pounds for the salary of the reader and 520 pounds for that of the technical assistant.

After Radok's appointment he investigated periodicity and frequency distribution of rainfall. He also enrolled for a course for Ph.D. which took five years to complete. The subject of his thesis was the analysis of the results of radiosonde observations over Australia. He used Mercedes and Marchant comptometers of the Commerce Department for the analysis of the data and constructed meridional cross sections of the atmosphere over Australia which showed a mean jet stream in the upper atmosphere.

People in Bright Sparcs - Loewe, Fritz; Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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