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Federation and MeteorologyBureau of Meteorology
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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962

Foreword

Terminology

Prologue

Preface

Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Beacons
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Warnings
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radiosondes
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Sferics
Meteorological Satellites
Telecommunications
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Hydrometeorology
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Training
Publications
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45

Endnotes

Index
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Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2 (continued)

Bob was one of two Australians who spent the entire period of March to June based on HMS Narvik, the headquarters vessel for the AWRE trials Mosaic G1 and G2, the other Australian being Mr Carter, a security officer. Before the actual start of the tests Bob had the responsibility of providing local forecasts for the Monte Bello Islands area and providing a watch for tropical cyclones. HMS Narvik was a Landing Ship Tank (LST) similar to HMAS Labuan which made the perilous voyages to establish the meteorological stations on Heard and Macquarie Islands in 1947–48.

On board Narvik were Lieutenant Commander R. R. (Dick) Fotheringham and six other meteorological personnel who established an observing site for meteorological observations (including those from radiosonde and radar wind equipment) on Hennite Island about four nautical miles south of Narvik's mooring. Weather observations over the Indian Ocean to the north and west of the Monte Bello Islands were also received from a flight of Shackleton aircraft based in Darwin. The meteorological office on board Narvik was located directly below the exposed steel plating of the foredeck and internal air temperature exceeded 106F (41C) on 10 successive days.

In addition to his routine forecasts and cyclone watch Bob had made a study of the low and upper level circulations and had selected certain situations which were likely to meet the stipulated requirements for the safe detonation of atomic bombs. As had been the case with the Hurricane test at the Monte Bello Islands in 1952 and the Totem tests at Emu Field in 1953, the meteorologists' tasks were to advise the temperature, humidity and wind profiles to great heights above the test site. AWRE scientists had the responsibility for predicting the height to which the radioactive cloud would ascend and the fallout pattern likely to occur. The main concern of the AWRE scientists was the safety of the test personnel at the site while the AWTSC's responsibility was to see that upper wind conditions and/or rainfall would not cause radioactive fallout hazardous to the Australian population.


People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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