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Essential Skills for the Information Age Worker, Semester 2 2004

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Week 10: Web Authoring Part 2

Lecturer: Gavan McCarthy
Image of Week 10: Web Authoring Part 2
Online Sources
Date: 13 Oct 2004 1pm
Location: Old Arts Theatre B
Making the most of hypertext. Metadata and a look at XML - the markup language of the future.

Lecture Notes

Tutorial Exercises

  • Can the Web survive without metadata?
  • Who are the stakeholders and what role should they play in its production and maintenance?
  • Many metadata schemas for a range of purposes or 'one-schema-fits-all'?
  • What are the advantages/disadvantages from both a human and machine user perspective of presenting Dublin Core metadata as on http://www.au.dublincore.org/workshops/dc1/?

  • Why hasn't XML taken off the way HTML has? Or has it?
  • What factors are inhibiting its uptake?
  • Who has most to gain from it? Who has the most to lose?
  • Let's look at turning the template for the lectures for this subject into an XML document, separating structure from presentation - Discuss in groups of 2-3 and then compare with what others in the class have done. Did you come up with the same thing? How much variation within groups, between groups? What does that say about DTD specification?

Lab Exercise

  • An exercise in creating metadata, working with an HTML file and ftping
    1. Pick an Australasian Science article from here
    2. Save it and open in Notepad or other text editor
    3. Using Reggie create Dublin Core metadata for your chosen article. (Java needs to be enabled for the applet to work)
    4. Copy and paste your Dublin Core metadata into your chosen article - after the TITLE element
    5. Save the file and view it in the browser
    6. Now compare it to automatically generated metadata using DC dot
    7. Report your findings to the WebRAFT folder for this week.

Review Questions

  1. How do you find out the basic author, title, publisher, date information for a Web page if metadata is not used? Can this be applied to all web pages?
  2. What is XML?
  3. What is the difference between HTML, XML and SGML?
  4. What XML support does your browser have? What XML support does Microsoft's Internet Explorer and Netscape's Communicator have? Is this problematic?
  5. What is XSL?
  6. What factors are inhibiting the uptake of XML?
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Resource Sections

See Also
Prepared by: Joanne Evans
Created: 5 June 2000
Modified: 22 July 2004

Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre on AustehcWeb, 2000 - 2004
Comments, questions, corrections and additions: tfac@austehc.unimelb.edu.au
Updated: 22 July 2004

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