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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 13

I Colonial Origins

II First World War

III Between The World Wars

IV The Second World War

V Post-second World War
i The United Kingdom Australia Agreement
ii The ADSS
iii Decline of Imported Work
iv Background Research and Development of the Department of Supply
v Technology in the Armed Services

VI After The Joint Project

VII Science And Decisions At The Top

VIII Armed Services Technology

IX New Tasks And Projects

X Transfer Of Research And Development

XI Acknowledgement



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Post-second World War

Australia entered the post-war era full of confidence that it could use its new found industrial strength to enter world markets. Defence technology was expected to be a component of this.[30]

New opportunities were emerging. The Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference in 1946 in London looked to a general sharing of technical development between Britain and the Dominions, and the war time bombing of Great Britain had convinced many that its defence industrial capacity should be located in less vulnerable areas. The Australian government saw this as an opportunity to acquire technology and manufacturing resources.[31] British industry, however, had its own ideas on the matter and the broad concept was abandoned.

Nevertheless, the discussions had directed attention to the capabilities and resources of the Dominions. Recognising that continued development of the atom bomb, rockets, radar, and jet engines would put a great load on its resources, the British government proposed at the Commonwealth Conference to enlist the aid of the Dominions in future developments.

Co-ordination was attempted through the Commonwealth Advisory Committee on Defence Science (CACDS) and the Commonwealth Aeronautical Advisory Research Council (CAARC). The former became limited to such items as clothing and general stores, and food preservation.[32] The latter spanned the whole gamut of aeronautical engineering and some valuable projects were undertaken in structures, materials and engine intakes.[33] These multilateral activities were to be weakened later by changes in the nature of the British Commonwealth.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Commonwealth Advisory Committee on Defence Science (C.A.C.D.S.); Commonwealth Aeronautical Advisory Research Council (C.A.A.R.C.)

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© 1988 Print Edition page 936, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher