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Table of Contents

RAAF Meteorological Service



Chapter 1: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 2: Establishing and Developing the RAAF Directorate of Met. Services (D.Met.S)
Summary of Activities and Developments in D.Met.S. to mid-1943
Coordination of RAAF and United States Army Air Force and Navy Weather Services
Operational Difficulties

Chapter 3: Recruiting and Training of Personnel

Chapter 4: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 5: The Met. Retreating

Chapter 6: The Met. Advancing

Chapter 7: The Met With the Army and the Navy

Chapter 8: Divisional Offices of the Bureau of Meteorology During the War

Chapter 9: Research and Instrumental Development

Chapter 10: The End, Aftermath, and Beyond

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4



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Summary of Activities and Developments in D.Met.S. to mid-1943 (continued)

An Auckland conference held in 1942 was attended by representatives of the meteorological organisations of the United States and British Commonwealth operating in the South and South-West Pacific areas. This conference was convened to remedy the growing confusion in meteorological practices resulting from the progressive introduction of various code and cypher systems.

During this period, a night and day synoptic reporting network was also inaugurated in Australia. This network consisted of about 80 selected stations throughout the Commonwealth reporting at three-hourly intervals from 0300 to 2100 hours, Eastern Standard Time. The table below indicates the daily frequency of three-hourly reports from the complete synoptic network by mid-1942.

Table 2. Synoptic Weather Reports
TimesNo. of Stations
0300 to 2100 hours100
0600 to 1500 hours200
0900 to 1500 hours260

Table 3. Pilot Balloon Reports (Six-Hourly Intervals)
TimesNo. of Stations
0600 to 1200 hours7
0300 to 1500 hours31
0300 to 2100 hours24

As at March 1943, the organisation of RAAF Met. headquarters was organised on the following sectional basis:

  1. Aerodrome meteorological services;

  2. Forecasting and advisory services and services to the Navy;

  3. Instruments and equipment;

  4. Service to land force; civilian meteorological services;

  5. Research and training, including airmass analysis;

  6. Climatology;

  7. Statistics;

  8. Administrative.

Divisional Offices of the Bureau of Meteorology located in each of the capital cities of Australia, were responsible for administration and supervision of observing stations and other meteorological establishments within their areas. They provided forecasting and general services for defence formations in the metropolitan regions, and other services for the civil communities.

At Area Combined Headquarters in each RAAF Area, an Area Meteorological Officer was provided on the staff of the Air Officer Commanding for direct coordination and control of meteorological services at the air force stations in the Area, and for provision of services for the operational purposes of the Area Command.

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Joyce, J. 1993 'The Story of the RAAF Meteorological Service', Metarch Papers, No. 5 October 1993, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher