||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
II Early European Settlements
III Assessment Of Available Water Resources
IV Water Supplies For Goldmining Development
V Irrigation Development
VI Farm And Stock Water Supplies
i Early development - extensive distribution systems
ii The Great Artesian Basin
iii Groundwater research
v Farm storages
VII Urban Water Supplies
VIII Wastewater Management And Treatment
IX Water Quality Management
X Limnological And Water Quality Research
XI New Techniques In Water Resource Planning And Management
XIV List Of Abbreviations
XVI Plantations-high Productivity Resources
WindmillsWindmills (Fig. 11), once the only source of power for lifting underground water to the surface, were developed and manufactured in Australia at the turn of the century. Griffiths Bros and Co. built some of the earliest windmills in Toowoomba, Queensland, selling the first Southern Cross model in 1903. J. A. Griffiths was cited in the 1911 Encyclopaedia Brittanica as a world authority on windmill design. The Southern Cross brand name was later extended to well-boring machines and associated equipment.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Griffiths Bros. and Co.
People in Bright Sparcs - Griffiths, J. A.
© 1988 Print Edition page 169, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher