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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 3

I Background

II Early European Settlements

III Assessment Of Available Water Resources

IV Water Supplies For Goldmining Development

V Irrigation Development

VI Farm And Stock Water Supplies

VII Urban Water Supplies
i Reticulation systems
ii Water treatment
iii Water saving techniques
iv Desalination
v Conjunctive use - West Pilbara water supply
vi Conjunctive use - Newcastle and district water supply scheme
vii Olympic Dam mining project - water supply
viii Urban water supply dams in South Australia
ix Multi-purpose schemes - the Wivenhoe project

VIII Wastewater Management And Treatment

IX Water Quality Management

X Limnological And Water Quality Research

XI New Techniques In Water Resource Planning And Management

XII Legislation

XIII Conclusion

XIV List Of Abbreviations

XV Acknowledgements

XVI Plantations-high Productivity Resources



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Water saving techniques

In recent years, there has been considerable interest in technologies for conserving water in the urban and industrial fields, because of the potential water savings which could lead to deferment of costly new supply works.

Measures which have been developed include dual-flush toilets, flow restrictors on showers and automatic flush controllers for public urinals; automatic timers on fixed garden sprinklers; moisture sensors in public gardens and sports grounds; improved leakage control in domestic and distribution systems; and improved water conservation measures in industry.

To illustrate possible savings, if the first two systems listed above were introduced overnight in Melbourne, an average saving representing twenty days city consumption would result.

All these measures are practicable, but regulations and incentives are needed for their implementation. There is considerable scope for further innovation and development in this field.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - CSIRO

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© 1988 Print Edition pages 174 - 175, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher