||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I The Present Energy Economy
II Australian Energy Consumption
III Research And Development
i Transition at the coal face
ii Further development of face mechanisation
iii Mechanisation outside the face area
iv Open-cut mining in NSW
v Open-cut mining in Queensland
vi Underground mining in Queensland
vii The state of the art
V Oil And Natural Gas
VI Solar Energy
VII Nuclear Energy
VIII Bagasse Firewood And Other Biomass
IX Electric Power Generation And Distribution electric Power Generation And Distribution
X Manufactured Gas
XI Industrial Process Heat
Basic aims of mine planning (continued)
Although all these measures have not reached the stage where they can be considered completely satisfactory their use is proving to be an invaluable assistance in the planning and operation of both underground and open-cut mines and their refinement seems only a matter of time.
In open-cut planning, where borehole spacing can be of the order of 100 m, this geotechnical information coupled with computerisation and its associated graphics permits of mine planning so that at any time in the future, coal quality and costs can be predicted for any particular section.
It had long been the ambition of some mining engineers to develop 'manless' extraction of coal. A step in this direction was provided in the concept of the Remotely Operated Longwall Face (ROLF) introduced into British mines in about 1960. This proved to be an important development in the search for the automation of coal production. The system did not have a wide application, however, and it certainly did not succeed in achieving 'manless' extraction.
In the year 1987 it can be said that the conception is now here and can operate over virtually all of the face length. Changing direction at either end and the industrial problems that will no doubt arise, appear to be the only remaining barriers.
People in Bright Sparcs - Collins, H. E.
© 1988 Print Edition page 797, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher