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Table of Contents

War History of the Australian Meteorological Service




Chapter 1: D.Met.S.—Australia's Wartime Weather Service

Chapter 2: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 3: Met in the Retreat

Chapter 4: Met in the Advance

Chapter 5: Meteorology in Aviation
Functions and Wartime Development
Service at RAAF Training Schools and Stations
Cooperation with US Personnel
Operational Expansion
Movement into Borneo

Chapter 6: Central Forecasting Services

Chapter 7: Met With the Army

Chapter 8: Research and Personnel Training

Chapter 9: Instrumental Development and Maintenance

Chapter 10: Scientific Developments in the RAAF Meteorological Service

Chapter 11: Divisional Bureaux and Their Work

Appendix 1: List of Reports Provided by D.Met.S. for Advances Operational Planning and Other Purposes

Appendix 2: List of Service Personnel RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 3: List of Civilian Personnel Who Worked Together with Service Personnel of the RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 4: List of Locations at which RAAF Meteorological Service Personnel Served


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Service at RAAF Training Schools and Stations

After field surveys had proceeded to establish requirements and facilities, new aviation sections were established late in that year at Richmond (NSW), Laverton (Vic), Rathmines (NSW), Pearce (WA), Darwin (NT) and Cootamundra (NSW), adding to those already in existence at various civil aerodromes taken over by the RAAF, and not long afterwards followed by others at many new air force stations and instructional schools. Amongst these were the Pacific advanced operational bases at Tulagi, Vila and Noumea which commenced operation in 1941, using a network of radio channels based on Townsville, but soon had to be evacuated in the face of the Japanese advance—a fate also shared by the forward aviation weather sections established in Koepang, Namlea and Ambon-Laha and by the party of Australian weather men who were attached to Malaya. The story of these bases has already been told.

By 1942 the basis of aviation weather services at elementary air training schools of the RAAF had been established in liaison with the Directorate of Training, with sections located at all service flying training, air observers' and air navigation schools, while later they were also attached to operational training units. At all of these schools many problems were placed before the aviation met sections, since weather plays an important part in flying training for safety reasons, and certain meteorological conditions are necessary for such types of exercise as astro-navigation. Thus the task of providing forecasts for local safety of aircraft and for training exercises sometimes extending to continental and seawards routes was coupled at these stations with that of providing instruction in courses that included meteorology.

Liaison between officers in charge of these aviation weather sections and the instructional authorities was always close and efficient, with the result that thousands of former aircrew members gained a valuable knowledge of meteorology.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)

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Haldane, T. 1997 'War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946', Metarch Papers, No. 10 October 1997, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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