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Astronomical and Meteorological Workers in New South Wales


Lieutenant Dawes

Captain Flinders

Admiral Phillip Parker King

Sir Thomas MacDougall Brisbane

Dr. Charles Stargard Rumker

James Dunlop

P. E. De Strzelecki

Captain J. C. Wickham

Rev. W. B. Clarke, M.A.

Rev. A. Glennie

E. C. Close

Sir William Macarthur

J. Boucher

S. H. Officer

John Wyndham

William Stanley Jevons

Establishment of Meteorological Observatories

Votes and Proceedings, N.S.W., 1848.

Appendix A.

Appendix B.

Appendix C.

Appendix D.

Appendix E.

Appendix F.

Appendix G.

Appendix H.

Appendix I.

Appendix J.

Appendix K.

Appendix L.

Appendix M.

Appendix N.

Appendix O.

Appendix P.

Appendix Q.

Appendix R.

Appendix S.

Appendix T.

Appendix U.



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Admiral Phillip Parker King (continued)

Amongst Captain King's papers are records of the determination of latitudes and longitudes of Fort Macquarie by other observers:

Of Latitudes—
Captain Flinders in 1798 and 1803, gives33°51'46.6"
De Freycinet in 180233°51'21"
Malaspina, Point Bennilong or Fort Macquarie, 179333°51'28'
Sir Thomas Brisbane, 182233°51'30"
Captain King, 181733°51'18"
Mean latitude of Fort Macquarie—33°51'28"

Of Longitudes—
Captain Cook in 1770151°11'32"
Hunter, 1788151°19'43"
Lieut. Dawes151°18'50"
Lieut. Bradley151°20'38"
[2]Malaspina, 1793151°17'53"
Broughton and Crossby151°9'3"
Captain Flinders, 1795-6151°17'12"
Captain Flinders, 1802151°11'49"
De Freycinet, 1802151°8'32"
M. D. Espinosa, 1793151°12'45"
Sir Thomas Brisbane151°15'32"
Rumker, 1822151°17'30"
Captain King, 1817151°17'29"
Mean of all—151°15'16"

Captain P. P. King's paper on the Maritime Geography of Australia which is given in Baron Field's "Geographical Memoirs," was read 2nd October, 1822, before the Philosophical Society of Australia. It gives a short note of Flinders' and Oxley's discoveries, and then a narrative of his own in continuation of the foregoing. He mentions, (p. 285), that the spring tides rise thirty feet at Prince Regent's River, and sometimes ran at seven knots. He also mentions the general productions of intertropical Australia and the natives of New Holland.

In the "Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia," (Vol. 1, p. 349), Capt. King mentions that the southerly current on the coast had set the vessel one hundred and fifty miles south during the storm, and for twenty-four hours at the rate of three miles per hour. He also gives details of winds, weather and currents on the coast of Australia, variation and dip of the magnetic needle of nine places on shore, and at fourteen places at sea; with the geographical positions of a number of points in his survey. (p. 404.)

In the Royal Astronomical Society's Notices there are eight papers by Captain P. P. King. Four refer to observations of comets, amongst others, the Great Comet of 1843; one to an occultation of Jupiter and his Satellites; another to a lunar eclipse; another to a transit of Mercury; and the last to a solar eclipse,

When the present Sydney Observatory was talked about, Admiral King was the adviser of the Government as to where it should be placed. (See Votes and Proceedings, N.S. Wales, 1852.) For nearly all the facts in this account of Admiral King's work in Australia I am indebted to the Honorable P. G. King, M.L.C.

People in Bright Sparcs - Brisbane, Thomas Makdougall; Dawes, William; Flinders, Matthew; King, Phillip Parker; Rümker, Christian Carl Ludwig; Russell, Henry Chamberlain

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Russell, H. C. 1888 'Astronomical and Meteorological Workers in New South Wales, 1778-1860,' Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science vol. 1, 1888, pp. 45-94.

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