||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I Construction During The Settlement Years
II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material
III Structural Steel
IV Concrete Technology
VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing
VII Ports And Harbours
IX Heavy Foundations
XII Water Engineering
XIV Major Buildings
XVI Thermal Power Stations
i Steam Power Stations Using Brown Coal
ii Fabric Filters for Coal Fired Power Stations
iii Thermal Electricity Generation in Queensland
iv Conversion of Kwinana Power Station from Oil to Coal Firing
v Remote Area Power Supply Alternatives in Western Australia
XVII Materials Handling
XVIII Oil Industry
XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme
XX The Sydney Opera House
XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge
XXII Hamersley Iron
XXIII North West Shelf
Sources and References
Remote Area Power Supply Alternatives in Western AustraliaThe people and the industries located in remote areas are crucial to Australia's economy. Power supply is an infrastructure expense which is potentially crippling to the economics of remote area mining and agricultural industries. Oil prices have escalated tenfold since 1974. In 1978 the State Energy Commission of WA had begun to implement policies to reduce dependance on the use of liquid imported fuels. These included the replacement of oil fired generation in the metropolitan area with indigenous coal based plant and well considered policies to restrain costs for remote area generation which was all heavy oil or distillate based.
The policy for remote areas included the extension of an interconnected system; centralised diesel plants in country towns; improved performance of isolated generator sets; solar thermal generating units; solar photovoltaic generating units, and wind power units.
Extension of Grid
It is hoped that by now Western Australia will have reduced its dependance on liquid import fuels from more than 50 per cent in 1974 to less than 10 per cent of total statewide generation. The State's richest export industries will thus be buffered against oil shortages in the future. Further the Commission has decided to pipe NW gas into Canarvon Power Station and is actively engaged in research to run the major part of its remaining distillate based plant on liquid natural gas (LNG) derived from the NW gas. Optimistically, then, in the future Western Australia will have minimal dependance on the liquid imported fuels.
Centralised Plant in Country Towns
Among the options being considered are photovoltaics and windpower. The Commission has become well aware of these options because of the RAPSI (Remote Area Power Supply Investigations) research program it implemented in 1978. Up until 1985 the SECWA had spent approximately $8 M in researching renewables energy technology. This program included two solar thermal power stations, the Ansaldo at Ballajura and the Step 100 project at Meekatharra. The Meekatharra project ran successfully for eighteen months. Research data gathered on the latter project clearly indicated this type of technology would not be viable.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - State Energy Commission of W.A.; thermal power stations, named; thermal power stations, named
People in Bright Sparcs - Sutherland, K. N.
© 1988 Print Edition pages 407 - 408, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher