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Table of Contents

RAAF Meteorological Service



Chapter 1: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 2: Establishing and Developing the RAAF Directorate of Met. Services (D.Met.S)

Chapter 3: Recruiting and Training of Personnel

Chapter 4: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 5: The Met. Retreating

Chapter 6: The Met. Advancing

Chapter 7: The Met With the Army and the Navy

Chapter 8: Divisional Offices of the Bureau of Meteorology During the War

Chapter 9: Research and Instrumental Development
Instrumental Development

Chapter 10: The End, Aftermath, and Beyond

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Appendix 3

Appendix 4



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Research (continued)

Most of the weather observations before, during and after the war have been carried out at post offices which have been provided with the necessary equipment. However, many observers were unskilled, so that some peculiar observations were received, and instruments were badly exposed or incorrectly mounted in various places. However, on the whole, the system worked satisfactorily, and the trained Met. man could usually perceive and correct obvious errors.

Research work was carried out by meteorologists who received their specialised training and early experience at the Melbourne office of the Bureau, although their numbers were, at first, too small to establish a special training organisation. Universities such as Sydney gave some courses in meteorology and climatology, usually in geography departments. In 1939, The University of Melbourne created a department of meteorology as part of the faculty of science, with Dr F. Loewe in charge. He lectured to Met. forecasting courses conducted in Melbourne during the war.

Eventually, Squadron-Leader P. Squires was chosen to lead a new attack on the frontal problem. He had to deal with a mass of data pouring in daily from about 100 widely scattered observing stations. All data had to be plotted on charts. The actual plotting, usually done by Meteorological Assistants, was an interesting procedure. The reporting observing station was represented on the chart by a circle around which symbols of cloud cover, type of cloud, past and present weather, wind force and direction (according to the Beaufort scale), air pressure and barometric tendency were represented in red or blue ink. Temperatures, humidity and pressure were entered as numerals. The stations themselves were identified by numbers.

People in Bright Sparcs - Loewe, Fritz; Squires, Patrick

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Joyce, J. 1993 'The Story of the RAAF Meteorological Service', Metarch Papers, No. 5 October 1993, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher