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Table of Contents

War History of the Australian Meteorological Service




Chapter 1: D.Met.S.—Australia's Wartime Weather Service

Chapter 2: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 3: Met in the Retreat

Chapter 4: Met in the Advance

Chapter 5: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 6: Central Forecasting Services

Chapter 7: Met With the Army

Chapter 8: Research and Personnel Training
Radiosonde Personnel
Chemical Warfare Experiments
Training of Outside Personnel
Miscellaneous Training and Lectures
Civil Air Lines' Trainees
Compilation of Notes and Manuals
Meteorological and Climatic Reports
Coastal and Seaward Areas
Enemy Occupied Areas
Training Statistics

Chapter 9: Instrumental Development and Maintenance

Chapter 10: Scientific Developments in the RAAF Meteorological Service

Chapter 11: Divisional Bureaux and Their Work

Appendix 1: List of Reports Provided by D.Met.S. for Advances Operational Planning and Other Purposes

Appendix 2: List of Service Personnel RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 3: List of Civilian Personnel Who Worked Together with Service Personnel of the RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 4: List of Locations at which RAAF Meteorological Service Personnel Served


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Miscellaneous Training and Lectures

Apart from these comprehensive activities, D.Met.S. also provided training for smaller groups of various types. This included lectures, between 1942 and 1945, to the RAAF photographic reconnaissance squadron, Laverton, which underwent two courses, each of two lectures, on the subject of clouds and weather in tropical regions; three courses, each of three lectures, to intelligence officers on weather, clouds and interpretation of the synoptic chart in tropical regions;
eight one lecture courses on the organisation and operation of the RAAF Meteorological Service, to members of the War Staff Officers' School, Mount Martha; three courses, of three lectures, on aviation hazards and interpretation of the synoptic chart, to operations room officers; four courses, comprising two lectures each on climate in the tropics, to members of the medical hygiene section; a general lecture to signals security officers on meteorological organisation, codes and ciphers and instruction in general weather science to RAAF pilots and navigators at Point Cook.

Other tasks of this nature that fell to D.Met.S. research and training section included formation of a syllabus of lectures for the training of RAAF and Department of Civil Aviation aerodrome control personnel in courses conducted at Laverton, and provision of training facilities for Dutch meteorological personnel at RAAF 88OBU, Bundaberg (Qld).

Another activity was the training of three members of the prewar civilian staff of the weather organisation as cadet meteorologists—a task commenced in April 1940, and continued by the RAAF Directorate of Meteorological Services until the project was brought to a conclusion during 1942. This plan of training included lectures in theoretical meteorology at the University of Melbourne, under Dr F. Loewe; in applied meteorology at the Melbourne Weather Bureau, and in practical work in the research and training, aviation, climatological and forecasting sections. Cadets also spent a little time in the administration and drafting sections, together with an apprenticeship in the meteorological section at Essendon aerodrome (Vic). Responsibility for this instruction was in the hands of the research and training section, which furnished to the University authorities certificates of satisfactorily performed practical work that were accepted in place of the prescribed work in a university meteorological laboratory. Incidentally, this training extended over two years instead of three, as in normal times, largely due to experience gained with three cadets trained earlier in the meteorological organisation.

Meteorology I—a year long course which gives permanent officers of the Commonwealth Public Service who are successful at the examination some rights towards subsequent advancement—also was necessarily carried on during the war. Candidates offered themselves for this instruction every year throughout the war, so that five courses were completed by August 1945, and a sixth commenced almost immediately. One section—theoretical meteorology, was conducted by Dr Loewe, principles and practice of forecasting, by Wing Commander H. M. Treloar and the others—aeronautical, synoptic and instrumental meteorology and meteorological statistics—by Sqn Ldr Hogan (1896–1970), with Mr K. C. McKenzie as assistant. Mr McKenzie later conducted the major part of this course.

At the commencement, syllabi were framed, text and reference books allotted and lecture notes prepared for distribution. The near year long course commenced about September, trainees thereafter receiving lecture notes and problems for working out at regular intervals until examinations, which were usually held in July.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)

People in Bright Sparcs - Hogan, John; Loewe, Fritz; Treloar, Harry Mayne

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Haldane, T. 1997 'War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946', Metarch Papers, No. 10 October 1997, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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