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Table of Contents

War History of the Australian Meteorological Service




Chapter 1: D.Met.S.—Australia's Wartime Weather Service

Chapter 2: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 3: Met in the Retreat

Chapter 4: Met in the Advance

Chapter 5: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 6: Central Forecasting Services

Chapter 7: Met With the Army

Chapter 8: Research and Personnel Training
Radiosonde Personnel
Chemical Warfare Experiments
Training of Outside Personnel
Miscellaneous Training and Lectures
Civil Air Lines' Trainees
Compilation of Notes and Manuals
Meteorological and Climatic Reports
Coastal and Seaward Areas
Enemy Occupied Areas
Training Statistics

Chapter 9: Instrumental Development and Maintenance

Chapter 10: Scientific Developments in the RAAF Meteorological Service

Chapter 11: Divisional Bureaux and Their Work

Appendix 1: List of Reports Provided by D.Met.S. for Advances Operational Planning and Other Purposes

Appendix 2: List of Service Personnel RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 3: List of Civilian Personnel Who Worked Together with Service Personnel of the RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 4: List of Locations at which RAAF Meteorological Service Personnel Served


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Enemy Occupied Areas

Thus far reference only has been made to reports of meteorological conditions within the Commonwealth or in contiguous areas controlled by the Allies, but a great deal of work also was done by the research section of the Directorate of Meteorological Services to provide regional studies of enemy occupied areas for use in operational planning.

The first request for reports on the meteorological and climatological conditions in specified localities held by the Japanese came from the Allied geographical section of General Headquarters on July 1942 when the places under consideration were the islands of Guadalcanal and Tulagi, in the Solomon group. Thereafter, a steady demand for reports of this type followed—chiefly from the Allied geographical section—as the scene of operations moved to New Guinea and thence west and north-westward. In almost every case, the reports were in standard form, subsequently appearing in the terrain study of the particular locality and also, in abridged form, in the appropriate handbook.

Sometimes, by special request, an additional section was included giving as much detail as possible for a restricted area within the area featured in the terrain study, but generally the form was: introduction, rainfall, wind, visibility, cloud, temperature, humidity, thunderstorms and miscellaneous features, including, where available and applicable, notes on sudden storms, squalls, cyclones and typhoons, states of the sea, surf and swell, tides and rivers. Statistical tables and figures were inserted where appropriate, together with times of rising and setting of the sun and moon for specified localities.

After the preparation of each report for the Allied geographical section, duplicates were taken for distribution to RAAF meteorological sections, as well as to other interested units within the Allied services.

Here is a comprehensive list of the reports issued by D.Met.S. for this purpose (sunrise and sunset tables prepared for days at weekly intervals; moonrise and set tables on a daily basis):

(Ed. The voluminous text that formed this comprehensive list was not considered suitable for general reading and has been reproduced at Appendix 1)

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)

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Haldane, T. 1997 'War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946', Metarch Papers, No. 10 October 1997, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher