Page 597
Previous/Next Page
Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 8

I Part 1: Communications

II Epilogue

III Part 2: Early Australian Computers And Computing

IV Acknowledgements



Contact us

Part 1 could not have been compiled without the active support of Telecom, OTC(A) and a range of Telecommunications Companies including, but not limited to, STC, L. M. Ericsson, AWA, Austral Standard Cables & Olex. Information on the Australian satellite system was supplied by AUSSAT.

As one starting point, A. H. Freeman undertook a comprehensive review of the development of switching technology and strategies in Australia working through from the commencement of the telephone service last century to the late nineteen seventies. His quite extensive papers are now in Telecom records and have been extensively used as a source.

There were a number of contributions concerning Telecom Research Laboratories, but I am particularly indebted to H. S. Wragge, the present Director, and his immediate predecessor, E. Sandbach, who also provided valuable information on the development of the Radio Research Board.

J. Sinnott and L. Vaux were particularly important sources of information on transmission matters, while on international communications J. Phillips, G. Kennedy, K. Reid and P. Kerkin were most helpful. Many details relating to developments in broadcasting technology were supplied by L. Sebire.

Amongst the host of others who assisted were P. Wion, P. Higgins, L. Cunningham, E. Amerasekara, L. Derrick, L. Smith, J. Moynihan, J. Wilson and J. N. Almgren. Many of the illustrations from Telecom were supplied by L. Mahr while G. Todd researched library records for many of the references. The Victoria Museum kindly gave permission for the use of the message stick illustration, and Olex, STC and L. M. Ericsson provided valuable originals. The OTC illustration was arranged by P. Muir. E. R. Banks and E. A. George each read portions of the draft and made valuable suggestions. Finally, Mrs Phyllis Jolly undertook the word processor work, in the process interpreting a barely legible hand-writing and remaining philosophical when earlier drafts were largely abandoned in favour of more concise ones.

Part 2 has been completed by Dr. T. Pearcey with some assistance from Professors J. Bennett and M. W. Allen.

Additional to those explained in the text.

AECAutomatic Electric Company
ANUAustralian National University
APOAustralian Post Office
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraphic Company
BPOBritish Post Office
CBDCentral Business District
CROCathode Ray Oscilloscope
CCITTInternational Consultative Committee for Telephony and Telegraphy
DCDirect Current
ELSAExtended Local Service Area
FDMFrequency Division Multiplexing
HFHigh Frequency
ITTInternational Telephone & Telegraph Co.
LSILarge Scale Integration
MFMedium Frequency
MFCMulti Frequency Code
PABXPrivate Automatic Branch Exchange
PSTNPublic Switched Telephone Network
RAXRural Automatic Exchange
REMORegister Modification Programme
SCDCSingle Communication Direct Current
SPCStored Programme Control
TEITelephone & Electrical Industries
UHFUltra High Frequency
VHFVery High Frequency

As much Australian Telecommunications Technology is based on overseas designs, many items of equipment are known by codes derived from other languages. Thus many have no simple English equivalent while some are hybrid, reflecting a degree of local design. Amongst the more important used in this chapter are:

AFGCordless Trunk Operating Board
ARF 101Crossbar Subscribers Exchange with DC signalling
ARF 102Crossbar Subscribers Exchange with Multi-frequency code signalling
ARM 20Large Crossbar Trunk Exchange
ARM 50Small Crossbar Trunk Exchange
ARK MSmall Country Crossbar Exchange with multifrequency code signalling
ARK DSmall Country Crossbar Exchange with decadic signalling
ARK 523Small Minor Switching Centre
FIRIncoming Relay Set
FURoutgoing Relay Set
GVGroup Selector
LKRTerminating Relay in Local Exchange
RegRegister. Numerous designs for a range of functions and designated by subscripts such as L, I, U, H4, - - -
Reg ERegister with extended functions
Reg M & Reg P May be interpreted as Register for Metropolitan and Provincial Networks respectively
SLSubscribers Switching Stage
SROriginating Relay

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - International Federation for Information Processing (I.F.I.P)

Previous Page Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering Next Page

© 1988 Print Edition page 626, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher