Sources - 11
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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 11

I The Present Energy Economy

II Australian Energy Consumption

III Research And Development

IV Coal

V Oil And Natural Gas

VI Solar Energy

VII Nuclear Energy

VIII Bagasse Firewood And Other Biomass

IX Electric Power Generation And Distribution electric Power Generation And Distribution

X Manufactured Gas

XI Industrial Process Heat


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Chapter 11 - Energy - Sources

Lang, W. R., James Harrison-Pioneering Genius, Neptune Press 1982.
Zeidler, D. R., 'The Use of Resources and Technology in the Interest of Mankind with Particular Reference to the Western Pacific', Keynote Address, 7th Discoveries International Symposium, Melbourne, 1984. Aust. Academy of Tech. Sci., 1985, pp. 23-31.

Research and Development
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, CSIRO Research for Australia: 2 Energy 1985.
Morse, R. N., 'Solar Energy Research, Development and Demonstration in Australia', Search, Vol. 9 No. 4, April 1978.
Potter, E. C., and Paulson, C. A., Proc. International Clean Air Congress, Sydney, 1986.

Collins, H. E., Mining Memories and Musings, Ashire Publishing Ltd. 1985, p. 97.
Elford, H. S., Coal Mining in Australia, Tait Publishing Co. 1947. p. 80 and 143.
Ellis, M. H., A Saga of Coal, Angus and Robertson Ltd. 1969, pp. 143-4.
Fisher, C., 'The Joint Coal Board and the Market 1946-1982', Australian National University Research School of Social Sciences, Canberra, 1983, p. 73.
Horseman, R. G., 'Roof Bolting at John Darling Colliery', Proc. Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1951, pp. 163-189.
Jeffrey, J. G., Australasian Coal Mining Practice, Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Monograph 12, 1986, p. 174.
Joint Coal Board, First Report March 1947 to June 1947 and 1947-1948, New South Wales Government Printer, 1948, p. 6.
Joint Coal Board, Black Coal in Australia 1985-1986, p. 23.
Joint Coal Board, Black Coal in Australia 1984-1985, p. 40.
Davidson, Justice, 'The Safety and Health of Workers in Coal Mines', Report of the Royal Commission, New South Wales Government Printer, 1939, p. 108.

Oil and Natural Gas
Weeks, L. G., A Lifelong Love Affair, A. H. Weeks, Westport, Conn. 1978.

Solar Energy
Search, Vol. 9, No. 4 1978.
Bugler, J. W., 'Solar Radiation from the Australian Viewpoint', pp. 118-123.
Charters, W. W. S. and Window, B., 'Solar Collector Design and Testing', pp. 123-129.
Close, D. J., 'Building Heating and Cooling Systems', pp. 138-143.
Holderness, A. L., 'Solar Power for Telecommunications', pp. 143-147.
Read, W.R., 'Solar Water for Domestic and Industrial Use', pp. 130-137.
Blakers, A. W. and Green, M. A., 'Twenty percent Efficient Silicon Solar Cells', Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 48, January 1986, pp. 215-217
Close, D. J., 'The Performance of Solar Water Heaters with Natural Circulation', Solar Energy, Vol. 6, 1962 pp. 33-40.
CSIRO Division of Mechanical Engineering Circular No. 2, 1964, Solar Water Heaters.
Dunkle, R. V, 'Thermal Radiation Characteristics of Surfaces', Theory and Fundamental Research in Heat Transfer; Pergamon Press, 1963, pp. 1-31.
Green, M. A., Blakers, A. W., Shi, J., Keller, E. M. and Wenham, S. R., 'High Efficiency Silicon Solar Cells', Trans. I.E.E.E., Electron Devices, Vol. 31, May 1984, pp. 683-697.
Morrison, G. L. and Sapsford, C. M., 'Long Term Performance of Thermosyphon Solar Water Heaters', Solar Energy, Vol. 30, No. 4 1983, pp. 341-350.
Morse, R. N., 'The Design and Construction of Solar Water Heaters', CSIRO Central Experimental Workshops Report E.D. 1, 1955.
Morse, R. N., 'Solar Water Heaters', Proc. World Symposium on Applied Solar Energy, Phoenix, Arizona, Stanford Research Institute, 1955.
Morse, R. N., Solar Water Heaters for Domestic and Farm Use, CSIRO Engineering Section Report E.D. 5, 1957.
Morse, R. N., 'Solar Heating as a Major Source of Energy for Australia', Proc. The Tenth World Energy Conference, Instanbul, Turkey, 1977.
Proctor, D. and Morse, R. N., 'Solar Energy for the Australian Food Processing Industry', Solar Energy, Vol. 19, No. 1 1977, pp. 63-72.
Szokolay, S. V., Solar Energy for Buildings, Architectural Press, London, 1975.
Window, B. and Harding, G. L., 'Progress in the Materials Science of All-glass Evacuated Collectors', Solar Energy, Vol. 32, No. 5 1984, pp. 609-623.
Wooldridge, M. J. and Welch, L. W., 'Summary of Major Results from First Winter of Operation of CSIRO LEC House', Refrigeration, Air-conditioning and Heating Aust., Vol. 34, No. 12, 1980, pp. 23-26 and 30-34.
Yin Zhiqiang, Harding, G. L., Craig, S., Collins, R. E., and Window, B., 'Comparative Study of Fluid-in-metal Manifolds for Heat Extraction from Single Ended Evacuated Glass Tubular Collectors', Solar Energy, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1985, pp. 81-92.

Bagasse, Firewood and other Biomass
Australian Consumers' Association, 'Wood-burning Stoves', Choice, May 1987.
Bureau of Sugar Experiment Stations, Laboratory Manual for Australian Sugar Mills Vol. 1, 1984.
Cullen, R. N., Murry, C. R. and Mason, V, 'The Elimination of Fuel Oil Usage in Sugar Factories', Proc. Aust. Inst. of Energy 2nd Nat. Conf. on Petroleum, Policies and People, Melbourne 1980.
Dixon, T. F., 'Prototype Bagasse Swirl Burner System', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1987.
Edwards, B. P., 'Bagasse Drying', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1981.
MacArthur, D.S., 'Pelleting Behaviour of Bagasse', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1981.
Sugar Research Institute, Elimination of Use of Fuel Oil for Steam Generation in the Sugar Industry, Progress Report to NERDDC Nov. 1979-June 1980.
Todd, J. J., 'Domestic Wood Heating in Australia', Proc. International Conf. on Residential Wood Energy, Reno, Nevada, 1986.

Electric Power Generation and Distribution
Annual Reports of the various State bodies and the Snowy Mountains Authority.
Frost, A. C. H., Hydro-Electricity in Australia, Water 2000; Consultants Report No. 6, Department of Resources and Energy, Canberra, 1983.
The Electricity Supply Association of Australia, The Electricity Supply Industry in Australia, Published annually.

Manufactured Gas
Andrews, R. S., 'Pressure Gasification of Brown Coal at Morwell, Australia', Paper presented at 94th Annual General Meeting of the Institution of Gas Engineers, London, 1957.
Bennie, R. J., 'The Victorian Brown Coal High Pressure Gasification Plant', Jour. Inst. Engrs. Aust., Vol. 29, No. 3 Mar. 1957.
Broomham, Rosemary, First Light: 150 Years of Gas, Hale and Iremonger, Sydney, 1987.
Grove, H. E., 'Modern Engineering Developments as applied to Gas-Plant Construction', Aust. Gas Inst. Trans. 1927; p. 119.
Proudley, R., Circle of Influence: A History of the Gas Industry in Victoria, Hargreen, Melbourne, 1987.
Tindale, H., 'The Design of Gas Condensers', Aust. Gas Inst. Trans. 1927, pp. 74-79

Industrial Process Heat
Anderson, C. N. and Stalker, R. J., 'Technology Change in the Australian Sugar Milling Industry', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1981.
Broadfoot, R. and Wright, P. G., 'Design Ideas for a Continuous Low Grade Pan', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1981.
Dixon, T. F., 'Preliminary Measurements in the Flame Region of a Bagasse Fired Boiler', Proc. Aust. Soc. Su.Cane Technol. Conf. 1984.
Dixon, T. F., 'Prototype Bagasse Swirl Burner System', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1987.
Lamb, B. W. and Bilger, R. W, Combustion of Bagasse, Charles Kolling Research Laboratory Technical Note F-79, University of Sydney, 1975.
Levy, P. W., 'The Air-cooled Condenser System of Efficiency Variation for Bagasse Fired Boilers', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1981.
Steward, J. M. and Crawford, W. B., 'Computer Modelling of Boilers', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf. 1979.
Wright, P. G., 'Juice Heating by Direct Vapour Contact', Proc. Aust. Soc. Sug. Cane Technol. Conf., 1979.

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