||Technology in Australia 1788-1988
Table of Contents
I The Present Energy Economy
II Australian Energy Consumption
III Research And Development
i Electrical Research Board
ii Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
iii National Energy Research Development and Demonstration Council
iv National Energy Advisory Council
V Oil And Natural Gas
VI Solar Energy
VII Nuclear Energy
VIII Bagasse Firewood And Other Biomass
IX Electric Power Generation And Distribution electric Power Generation And Distribution
X Manufactured Gas
XI Industrial Process Heat
Research And Development
Electrical Research BoardThe importance of electric power for the development of Australia's industries and for the welfare of its people has been responsible for a continuous growth in the demand for electricity and therefore the installation of more and more generating capacity. Because power stations where possible, are located on coal fields, and the centres of load are widely separated, it was necessary to build an extensive transmission system.
Thus we have seen evolving a vast system extending over several thousands of kilometres; as a consequence, research and development (R&D) in Australia has been concerned largely with electric power systems technology. This work has been carried out in the universities with funding provided by the State power utilities and electricity distribution Councils through the Electrical Research Board.
The Electrical Research Board was set up in 1945 and consisted of representatives of the Electricity Supply Association of Australia, the universities, and CSIRO. Its general objective was to be the fostering of electrical research in universities and it has provided extensive funding for a large number of projects. The Board has also made possible the establishment of a number of major research and test facilities.
Early projects concentrated on systems development and analysis. These led to the establishment of a model power system facility at the University of Sydney in the 1960s and an electronic simulation facility at Monash University in the 1970s. Other universities are now using digital computers for system simulation.
A high voltage test laboratory was set up in the University of Queensland in the 50s and has been used to develop methods for protecting electrical equipment from lightning strikes. For high power testing, a facility using synthetic testing techniques has been established at the University of Sydney with a capacity of 4.5 GVA.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - CSIRO; Electrical Research Board; Electricity Commission of New South Wales; Electricity Supply Association of Australia
© 1988 Print Edition page 785, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher