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Astronomical and Meteorological Workers in New South Wales
Admiral Phillip Parker King
Sir Thomas MacDougall Brisbane
Dr. Charles Stargard Rumker
P. E. De Strzelecki
Captain J. C. Wickham
Rev. W. B. Clarke, M.A.
Rev. A. Glennie
E. C. Close
Sir William Macarthur
S. H. Officer
William Stanley Jevons
Establishment of Meteorological Observatories
Votes and Proceedings, N.S.W., 1848.
Astronomical and Meteorological Workers in New South Wales, 1778-1860
This Paper has not received the final corrections of the Author, owing to a mistake for which he is not responsible.
Thursday, August 30.
The President, Mr. R. L. J. Ellery, F.R.S., in the Chair.
The following pages contain the result of an attempt, made in the midst of other pressing duties, to collect into a concise form the history of what has been done in New South Wales for Astronomy and Meteorology. As it is the first attempt to do so, it is hardly necessary to say that it has involved a considerable amount of trouble, and that many points are not yet fully made out, but a search, specially amongst astronomical publications, has cleared up many points of interest which at one time seemed buried in oblivion. I have also had, through the courtesy of the Principal Under-Secretary and others, access to official records which otherwise would not have been available.
Colonel Collins in "An Account of the English Colony in New South Wales" (Vol. I, 1798, p. 15, Feby. 1788), says: "Among the buildings that were undertaken shortly after our arrival must be mentioned an Observatory, which was marked out on the western point of the cove, to receive the astronomical instruments which had been sent out by the Board of Longitude, for the purpose of observing the comet which was expected to be seen about the end of this year. The construction of this building was placed under the direction of Lieut. Dawes, of the marines, who, having made this branch of science his peculiar study, was appointed by the Board of Longitude to make astronomical observations in this country.
"The latitude of the observatory was 33° 52' 30' S.
"The longitude, from Greenwich, 151° 19' 30' E
In August, 1788 (loc. cit. p. 37), an observatory, on the west point of the cove, is mentioned as being in progress this month. Collins adds:
"In October, 1879 (loc. cit. p. 83), the observatory is said to be in the same place as the magazine; and (loc. cit. p. 189, November, 1791); "A corporal's guard was also mounted daily which had been used as an observatory by Lieutenant Dawes." He must, therefore, have gone before this.
People in Bright Sparcs - Dawes, William; Ellery, Robert Lewis John; Russell, Henry Chamberlain
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