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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 6

I Construction During The Settlement Years

II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material

III Structural Steel

IV Concrete Technology

V Housing

VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing

VII Ports And Harbours

VIII Roads

IX Heavy Foundations

X Bridges

XI Sewerage

XII Water Engineering

XIII Railways

XIV Major Buildings

XV Airports

XVI Thermal Power Stations

XVII Materials Handling
i For grain:
ii For salt:
iii For sugar
iv For iron ore
v For coal
vi For bauxite:
vii For alumina:
viii For cement:

XVIII Oil Industry

XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme

XX The Sydney Opera House

XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge

XXII Hamersley Iron

XXIII North West Shelf

Sources and References


Contact us

For bauxite:

It is noteworthy that one of Australia's major deposits, that at Weipa, was first reported in the very late 1700s, and more interesting to note that it was very close to the location of the first European sighting of the Australian coastline by Willem Jansz in 1606. Today the area remains very isolated, lying some six hundred kilometres by air from Cairns, and six hundred and seventy nautical miles by sea.

CRA's renowned geologist, Harry Evans, was responsible for Weipa's bauxite deposit being delineated and developed. Because of its location it was necessary for special engineering activities to be employed to open up the area in order that ships to 100,000 dwt capacity could call at Albatross Bay to take away the bauxite. The deposit has a possible reserve of 2,500 million tonnes of recoverable material. Bauxite is shipped to Gladstone, Japan, and Europe at rates in excess of 8.5 Mtpy. The transportation from mine to face to alumina plant is by truck, rail, conveyors, stackers/reclaimers, and ship.

Bauxite is mined and processed at the rate of 5 Mtpy at Gove in the Northern Territory. It is also mined in the Darling Ranges of Western Australia. Modern long distance overland conveyors handle material at a rate of 3.5 Mtpy.

Australia's total current production rate of bauxite is 29.5 Mtpy.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Weipa Bauxite project, Qld

People in Bright Sparcs - Evans, Harry; Jansz, Willem; Peacock, E. E.

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© 1988 Print Edition page 412, Online Edition 2000
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