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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 6

I Construction During The Settlement Years

II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material

III Structural Steel

IV Concrete Technology

V Housing

VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing

VII Ports And Harbours
i Containerisation
ii Mineral Ports
iii Oil and Gas Ports
iv Other Bulk Cargoes
v Dredging

VIII Roads

IX Heavy Foundations

X Bridges

XI Sewerage

XII Water Engineering

XIII Railways

XIV Major Buildings

XV Airports

XVI Thermal Power Stations

XVII Materials Handling

XVIII Oil Industry

XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme

XX The Sydney Opera House

XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge

XXII Hamersley Iron

XXIII North West Shelf

Sources and References


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Other Bulk Cargoes

Whilst containerisation and bulk mineral exports have had a major effect on Australian ports other bulk cargoes, such as sugar, wheat, wood chips, have also had an impact, although not to the same extent as containerisation. In the case of raw sugar, the change to bulk handling in the early 1960s was a breakthrough in handling methods, but the size of the ships used is still generally small (20-40,000 d.w.t.) when compared to coal and iron ore carriers.

In relation to wheat and woodchip exports the upper range of the ships used is only 30-50,000 d.w.t. and the method of loading has not changed conceptually over many years. Thus, although there are many modern terminals in Australia, these trades have had only limited impact on the type of construction used in the ports where they are established.

People in Bright Sparcs - Wallace, J. M.

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© 1988 Print Edition page 342, Online Edition 2000
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