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Table of Contents

War History of the Australian Meteorological Service




Chapter 1: D.Met.S.—Australia's Wartime Weather Service

Chapter 2: The Weather Factor in Warfare

Chapter 3: Met in the Retreat

Chapter 4: Met in the Advance

Chapter 5: Meteorology in Aviation

Chapter 6: Central Forecasting Services

Chapter 7: Met With the Army
How Weather Formations Were Created as Essential to the Army
Establishments Throughout Australia
Meteorological Staff Officer
Disposition of Flights
Successive Movements to Pacific Theatres
The Close of Hostilities

Chapter 8: Research and Personnel Training

Chapter 9: Instrumental Development and Maintenance

Chapter 10: Scientific Developments in the RAAF Meteorological Service

Chapter 11: Divisional Bureaux and Their Work

Appendix 1: List of Reports Provided by D.Met.S. for Advances Operational Planning and Other Purposes

Appendix 2: List of Service Personnel RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 3: List of Civilian Personnel Who Worked Together with Service Personnel of the RAAF Meteorological Service

Appendix 4: List of Locations at which RAAF Meteorological Service Personnel Served


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Disposition of Flights

The tempo of offensives by the Australian and American land forces in New Guinea was mounting and the attachment of a meteor section from No 1 Mobile Meteorological Flight to the 2/5 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery on movement to New Guinea was instituted at this period by D.Met.S. In August 1943 Sqn Ldr Dwyer was instructed to proceed from advanced land headquarters in Brisbane to New Guinea, by way of Townsville, to arrange for the employment of both No 1 and No 2 Flights with formations of the New Guinea Force.

Just before the end of August 1943 No 1 Flight arrived at Port Moresby on its way to headquarters, RAA, 1st Australian Corps, at Dobodura, while a meteor detachment of the squadron proceeded with complete equipment to the Ninth Division which was engaged in consolidation of the Lae area and the Finschhafen campaign. The opportunity was taken while the flight was in the locality to instruct personnel from 3 Survey Battery at Port Moresby in meteor calculations so that they could relieve meteorological personnel of these duties for service further afield. Incidentally, another detachment from No 1 Flight had crossed to New Guinea with 11 Battery, 2/6 Field Regiment at its new station at Mount Tambu, during operations preliminary to the assault on Salamaua.

No 2 Flight reached Port Moresby in September 1943 on attachment to RAA headquarters, New Guinea Force, and in the following month a meteor detachment and a driver moved on to Dumpu to form a detachment with 2/4 Field Regiment, 7 Australian Division which took part in the assault on Shaggy Ridge.

These two flights were the only ones to move overseas during 1943, but in the following May 1944, No 5 Flight reached Lae and reported for duty with New Guinea Force. Alterations to the Army Order of Battle came a few weeks later, attaching No 1 Flight to 1 Australian Corps; No 2 Flight to 9 Division; No 3 Flight to 6 Division and No 5 Flight to New Guinea Force.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Directorate of Meteorological Services (D.Met.S)

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph

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Haldane, T. 1997 'War History of the Australian Meteorological Service in the Royal Australian Air Force April 1941 to July 1946', Metarch Papers, No. 10 October 1997, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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