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Origins of Australian Meteorology



The Origins of Australian Meteorology
FitzRoy and Maury
Thomas Brisbane
Phillip Parker King
Charles Todd
Ellery and Neumayer
Henry Chamberlain Russell
Clement Wragge
The International Scene
The End of the Beginning

Appendix 1: Chronological Chart of Early Meteorologists



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Henry Chamberlain Russell (continued)

It is interesting to read Symons' defence of the deductions drawn by Russell. 'He believed that each chart showed approximately the general atmospheric conditions prevailing over Australia during the period to which it referred and that the conclusions based upon hundreds of them were science. When the difficulties with which both Captain Hepworth and Mr Russell had had to contend were considered he thought that the work they had accomplished was creditable and that future researchers would prove it to be valuable.' The same volume contains a paper by Captain M. W. Campbell Hepworth. Hepworth used Russell's charts to produce a paper quite similar to that of Russell.

In 1888 Russell was elected President of the first meeting of the newly formed Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science (now ANZAAS) and in 1891 he became Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sydney but resigned within a year because of the pressure of other duties.

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, he was President of the Royal Society of New South Wales and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, the first graduate of the University of Sydney to achieve that distinction. His many meteorological papers show a far-sighted appreciation of the important elements in Australian meteorology. In view of the more recent interest in the relationship between phases of the moon and rain it is interesting to note that Russell produced a paper entitled 'The Moon and Rain' in 1903.

In 1903 he had a serious illness from which he never completely recovered. He resigned as Government Astronomer in 1905 and died in 1907.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science

People in Bright Sparcs - Russell, Henry Chamberlain

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Gibbs, W. J. 1998 'The Origins of Australian Meteorology', Metarch Papers, No. 12 June 1998, Bureau of Meteorology

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