||Federation and Meteorology
Table of Contents
Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962
Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Chapter 2: International Meteorology
Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955
A Period of Consolidation
Services for the General Public
Rockets and Atomic Weapons
Instruments and Observations
Climate and Statistics
Central Analysis and Development
The Meteorology Act
Achievements of the Timcke Years
Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future
Appendix 1: References
Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts
Appendix 3: Milestones
Appendix 4: Acknowledgements
Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 194245
Aviation Services (continued)Even earlier than the Comet, the British Vickers aircraft company had, in July 1948, test flown a prototype of the Vickers Viscount, a four-engined turbo-prop which used Rolls Royce jet engines. This aircraft carried 53 passengers, cruised at 275 knots and flew above 20 000 feet, being pressurised. It had a shorter range than the Comet but was introduced into service for the shorter routes in Europe by British European Airways (BEA) in August 1952.
In the same month the British Bristol Aircraft Company test flew its four-engined turboprop Britannia aircraft which was designed to carry 133 passengers and to cruise at 300 knots with a range of 3 500 nautical miles.
Attractions of the turbo-props and jet passenger aircraft were that their kerosene fuel was cheaper and their higher speed meant that they could log up more passenger-miles, therefore earning more income.
Thus in 1950, at the beginning of the five years when E. W. Timcke was Director of Meteorology, it was apparent that there would be an increasing demand for meteorological services for aviation, both in number of forecasts and the type of information. Walter Dwyer and Ralph Holmes in the Aviation and Communications area. Bill Brann in Observations, Harry Ashton in Training, Len Dwyer and Tom Hall in Management and Administration, Walter Dwyer and Ralph Holmes in the Aviation Section and our team in the Central Analysis, Special Investigations and Research areas spent much time in planning to meet that demand.
Service was required for a wide range of aviation, for the outmoded DC3s which still carried many passengers, for the pressurised piston-engined Convairs, DC6s and Lockheed Constellations and ultimately for the turbo-props and jet aircraft.
The main points of service were at the international airports at Sydney, Darwin, Essendon and Perth which had the task of supplying service for long-range international aircraft as well as a growing volume of domestic travel.
Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Central Analysis Office (CAO)
People in Bright Sparcs - Ashton, Henry Tamblyn (Harry); Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Dwyer, Walter Anthony; Hall, Thomas Taylor (Tom); Holmes, Ralph Aubrey Edward; Timcke, Edward Waldemar
© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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