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Antarctic Operational Meteorology



The Past

The Present

The Future




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In the present context "operational" meteorology refers to the continuous day to day activities of observation, synoptic analysis and prediction, the compilation of a comprehensive climate record, the provision of practical forecast and advisory services and the international interactions which are those essentially carried out by a National Meteorological Service and in the case of Australia, by the Bureau of Meteorology. The Bureau was established in 1908 and under the Meteorology Act of 1955 its responsibilities extend also to the Australian Antarctic Territory (AAT). Since the first ANARE (Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions) stations of 1947 the Bureau has contributed staff and resources to the international effort of the scientific exploration of Antarctic weather and climate.

In this paper the discussion will also extend at times to the basic features of the weather systems and the broadscale climate of the high latitudes south of Australia. However, more specific research on the regional meteorology and the physics and chemistry of the Antarctic atmosphere which has been carried out by the Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO, and Australian and overseas universities will not be addressed here.

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Streten, N. A. 1997 'Antarctic Operational Meteorology,' ANARE Jubilee Science Symposium (in press).

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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