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Antarctic Operational Meteorology



The Past

The Present

The Future




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  • Adams, N. (1997) Model prediction performance over the Southern Ocean and the coastal region around East Antarctica. Australian Meteorological Magazine 46: 287–296
  • Astapenko P. D. (1964). Atmospheric Processes in the High Latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere. Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem. 286 pp.
  • Berson F. A. (1966). The mass and heat budgets of the atmosphere over the Antarctic plateau (with particular reference to Spring). International Antarctic Meteorological Research Centre Technical Report No 6, Bureau of Meteorology Melbourne. 51 pp.
  • Bourke W. (1974). A multi-level spectral model, Formulation and hemispheric integrations. Monthly Weather Review 102: 687–701.
  • Bourke W., Puri K. and Seaman, R. (1982). Numerical weather prediction studies from the FGGE Southern Hemisphere data base. Monthly Weather Review 110: 1787–1800.
  • Bourke W. P., Hart, T., Steinle, P., Seaman, R., Emberg, G., Naughton, M. and Rikus, L. (1995). Evolution of the Bureau of Meteorology's global assimilation and prediction system. Part 2 Resolution and enhancements and case studies. Australian Meteorological Magazine 44: 19–40.
  • Bureau of Meteorology (1960). Antarctic Meteorology. Pergamon Press Oxford 483 pp.
  • Carleton A. M. (1979). A synoptic climatology of satellite observed extratropical cyclone activity for the Southern Hemisphere winter. Archiv fur Meteorologie Geophysik und Bioklimatologie B27: 265–279.
  • Carleton A. M. (1981). Monthly variability of satellite derived cyclone activity for the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Climatology 1: 21–28.
  • Carleton A. M. (1989). Antarctic sea ice relationships with indices of the atmospheric circulation of the Southern Hemisphere. Climate Dynamics 3: 207–220.
  • Carleton A. M. (1992). Synoptic interactions between Australia and lower latitudes. Australian Meteorological Magazine 40: 129–147.
  • Gauntlett D. J. and Hincksman, D. R. (1971). A six level primitive equation model suitable for extended operational prediction in the Southern Hemisphere. Journal of Applied Meteorology 10: 613–625.
  • Gauntlett D. J., Seaman, R. S., Kinimonth, W. R. and Langford, J. C. (1972). An operational evaluation of a numerical analyses prognosis system for the Southern Hemisphere. Australian Meteorological Magazine 20: 61–82.
  • Gibbs W. J. (1960a). International Antarctic Analysis Centre. Polar Record 10: 86–89.
  • Gibbs W. J. (1960b) Antarctic Synoptic analysis . In Bureau of Meteorology (Ed) Antarctic Meteorology. Pergamon Oxford pp 84–95.
  • Gibbs W. J., Gotley, A. V. and Martin, A. R. (1952). Meteorology, Heard and Macquarie Islands 1948 Part 1C Discussion. ANARE Reports Series D. Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions. Department of External Affairs Melbourne 67 pp.
  • Guymer L. B. (1978). Operational applications of satellite imagery to synoptic analysis in the Southern Hemisphere. Bureau of Meteorology Technical Report 29 Bureau of Meteorology Melbourne 83 pp.
  • Guymer L. B. and Le Marshall, J. F. (1980). Impact of FGGE buoy data on Southern Hemisphere analyses. Australian Meteorological Magazine 28: 19–42.
  • Hannan F. T. and Dingle, W. J. R. (1958). Operation of Australian meteorological stations in Antarctica 1957. Australian Meteorological Magazine 23: 1–13.
  • Jacka T. H. (1983). A computer data base for Antarctica sea ice extent. ANARE Research Notes 13 Antarctic Division Hobart 54 pp.
  • Jones D. A. and Simmonds, I. (1993). A climatology of Southern Hemisphere extratropical cyclones. Climate Dynamics 9: 131–145.
  • Kidson E. (1947). Daily Weather Charts Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911–1914 Reports Series B Vol V11 Meteorology. Government Printer Sydney 31 pp and charts.
  • Leslie L. M. , G. A. Mills and D. J. Gauntlett (1981). The impact of FGGE data coverage and improved numerical techniques in numerical weather prediction in the Australian region Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 107: 629–642.
  • Loewe F. (1956). Notes on firn temperatures and ablation in MacRobertson Land. Journal of Glaciology 2: 725–726.
  • Le Marshall J. F., Kelly, G. A. M. and Karoly, D. J. (1985). An atmospheric climatology of the Southern Hemisphere based on ten years of daily numerical analyses (1972–82) Overview. Australian Meteorological Magazine 33: 65–85.
  • Mayes P. R. (1985). Secular variations in cyclone frequencies near the Drake Passage southwest Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research 90: 5829–5839.
  • Phillpot H. R. (1964). Some aspects of the climate of the Antarctic continent International Antarctic Analysis Centre Technical Report No 4 Bureau of Meteorology Melbourne 19 pp.
  • Phillpot H. R. (1968). A study of the synoptic climatology of the Antarctic International Antarctic Analysis Centre Technical Report No 12 Bureau of Meteorology Melbourne 139 pp.
  • Phillpot H. R. (1969). Antarctic stratospheric warming review in the light of 1967 observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 95: 329–348.
  • Phillpot H. R. (1991). The derivation of 500 hPa height from automatic weather station surface observations in the Antarctic continental interior. Australian Meteorological Magazine 39: 79–86.
  • Phillpot H. R. and Zillman, J. W. (1970). The surface temperature inversion over the Antarctic continent. Journal of Geophysical Research 75: 4161–4169.
  • Puri K., Dietachmayer, G., Mills, G., Davison, N., Bowen, R. and Logan, L. (1996). The new BMRC Limited Area Prediction System LAPS: Submitted to Australian Meteorological Magazine.
  • Seaman R., Bourke, W., Steinle, P., Hart, T., Embery, G., Naughton, M. and Rikus, L. (1995). Evolution of the Bureau of MeteorologyÝs Global Assimilation and Prediction System Part 1. Analysis and initialisation. Australian Meteorological Magazine 44: 1–18.
  • Shaw P. J. R. (1957). The Climate of Mawson during 1955. Australian Meteorological Magazine 18: 1–20.
  • Simmonds I. and Wu, X. (1993). Cyclone behaviour response to changes in winter Southern Hemisphere sea-ice concentration. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 119: 1121–1148.
  • Stearns C. R. and Wendler, G. (1988). Research results from Antarctic automatic weather stations. Reviews of Geophysics 26: 45–61.
  • Streten N. A. (1961). A note on observations at Mawson and field stations in MacRobertson Land in 1960. Australian Meteorological Magazine 34: 45–62.
  • Streten N. A. (1968). A note on two prolonged Antarctic gales. Weather 23: 162–167.
  • Streten N. A. (1980a). Antarctic Meteorology: The Australian contribution past, present and future. Australian Meteorological Magazine 28: 105–140.
  • Streten N. A. (1980b). Some synoptic indices of the Southern Hemisphere mean sea level circulation 1972–1977. Monthly Weather Review 108: 18–36.
  • Streten N. A. (1990). A review of the climate of Mawson—a representative strong wind site in East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 2: 79–89.
  • Streten N. A. and Pike, D. J. (1980). Characteristics of the broadscale Antarctic sea ice extent and the associated atmospheric circulation 1972–1977 Archiv fur Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie A29: 279–299.
  • Streten N. A. & Troup, A. J. (1973). A synoptic climatology of satellite observed cloud vortices over the Southern Hemisphere. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 99: 56–72.
  • Taljaard J. J. (1972). Synoptic meteorology of the Southern Hemisphere in Newton CW (Ed) Meteorology of the Southern Hemisphere American Meteorological Society, Boston pp 139–213.
  • Turner J. and Thomas, J. P. (1994). Summer season mesoscale cyclones in the Bellingshausen—Weddell region of the Antarctic and links with the synoptic scale environment. International Journal of Climatology 14: 871–894.
  • Turner, J., Bromwich, D., Colwell, S., Dixon, S., Gibson, T., Hart, T., Heinemann, G., Hutchinson, H., Jacka, K., Leonard, S., Lieder, M., Marsh, L., Pendlebury, S., Phillpot, H., Pook, M. and Simmonds, I. (1996). The Antarctic First Regional Observing Study of the Troposphere (FROST) Project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 77: 2007–2032.
  • van Loon H. (1965). A climatological study of atmosphere circulation in the Southern Hemisphere during the IGY Part 1, July 1957˝March 1958. Journal of Applied Meteorology 4: 479–491.
  • van Loon H. (1967). The half yearly oscillations in middle and high southern latitudes and the coreless winter. Journal of Atmospheric Science 24: 472–486.
  • Weller G. (1969). A meridional surface wind speed profile in MacRobertson Land Antarctica. Pure and Applied Geophysics 77: 193–200.
  • Zillman J. W. and Martin, D. W. (1968). A sharp cold frontal passage at Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean Journal of Applied Meteorology 7 708–711.

People in Bright Sparcs - Kidson, Edward; Phillpot, Henry Robert; Shaw, Peter; Streten, Neil Anthony

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Streten, N. A. 1997 'Antarctic Operational Meteorology,' ANARE Jubilee Science Symposium (in press).

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