Page 905
Previous/Next Page
Federation and MeteorologyBureau of Meteorology
Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



Contact us

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology

The Bureau has long had an interest in Antarctic meteorology. Even before the establishment of the Bureau in 1908, a Tasmanian, Louis Charles Bernacchi, made meteorological observations as a member of the British expedition which was the first to winter over on the Antarctic continent, at Cape Adare in 1899. The leader of this expedition was Borchgrevinck, a Norwegian engineer who the Australian Encyclopaedia identifies as a Queenslander. I believe Bernacchi was at one time a member of the Melbourne astronomical observatory which carried out the meteorological program for the Colony of Victoria before the Commonwealth Government assumed responsibility for this activity.

The first member of the Bureau to work in the Antarctic was meteorologist, geographer, geologist and glaciologist Griffith Taylor who joined Captain Robert Scott's British expedition in the Terra Nova in 1910 and participated in the field parties which explored considerable areas of Victoria Land bordering the Ross Ice Shelf.

Born in London on 1 December 1880, Taylor moved with his family to Sydney in February 1893 and was educated at Sydney Grammar and King's School, Parramatta, where he was able to avoid the study of "moribund classics" and to "indulge to a greater degree than heretofore in matters geographical".

After graduating B.Sc. and B.Eng. in 1905, he delivered the first lectures in geography at the University of Sydney in 1907. In that year he was awarded an 1851 Scholarship to Cambridge University. He was offered an appointment to the Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology in 1909 but was persuaded by Captain Scott to gain experience with glaciers in Europe before joining Scott's Antarctic expedition late in 1910 from which he returned to the Bureau in April 1912. As well as his work in the Bureau, Taylor was involved with surveys of the Canberra area, wrote a thesis on Antarctic geology for the degree of D.Sc. and lectured in geography at the University of Melbourne before being appointed McCaughey Professor of Geography at Sydney in 1920, the first to occupy such a chair in Australia.

He moved to the University of Chicago in 1928 and from there to the Chair of Geography in Toronto where he remained until his retirement in 1951. He then moved to Sydney where he died on 5 November 1963. I have a copy of a letter from Canada from Griffith Taylor, complimenting me on an article published in the Australian Geographer (Gibbs, 1945).

People in Bright Sparcs - Bernacchi, Louis Charles; Taylor, Thomas Griffith; Warren, Herbert Norman

Previous Page Bureau of Meteorology Next Page

Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher