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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Climate and Statistics

Almost every reminiscence of those who joined the Bureau before 1937 refers to the operation of the Climate Section of the Bureau which was located in a large room in the south-west corner of the ground floor of 2 Drummond Street.

From the days of the colonial meteorological services much attention was devoted to preserving a record of observations made, not only in the Bureau's offices but also by part-time observers many of whom were postal staff or people living on outback pastoral or agricultural stations.

Some of these part-time observers made observations required for synoptic meteorology and were paid to transmit their observations by telegram to Divisional Offices. Many others made daily observations of rainfall without payment and these were mailed monthly to the Climate Section.

The Climate Section was the repository for all observations made by the Bureau's full-time, part-time and voluntary observers. In addition to the routine synoptic observations, elements such as grass minimum, soil and black-bulb temperatures, evaporation, sunshine hours, etc were stored in a data bank of manuscript records. Sunshine duration was measured by a strip of cardboard on which the sun's rays, focussed through a glass sphere, burnt the card when the radiation was sufficiently strong. These were stored by the Central Office Climate Section and had accumulated into a massive pile by the 1950s. Total hours of sunshine were recorded for each day in the Divisional Offices.

In addition to meteorological data, stock and crop reports and newspaper clippings were collected in the Climate Sections of Central and Divisional Offices.

A team of women in the Central Office Climate Section operated mechanical comptometers to calculate averages of monthly maximum and minimum temperatures and monthly rainfall totals. Records were also maintained of the extremes of maximum and minimum temperatures and rainfall.

J. C. Foley was supervising meteorologist in charge of the Climate Section until his promotion as Chief Scientific Officer in February 1948, when B. W. Newman succeeded him, transferring from the Sydney Divisional Office.

People in Bright Sparcs - Foley, James Charles; Newman, Bernard William (Bernie); Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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