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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology (continued)

The Liberator flew 850 nautical miles on a course of 180 degrees then 50 nautical miles on a course of 090 degrees then back to Perth. 'Doc' Hogan (1912–1978) gave a briefing before departure and Gerry made regular observations which he compared with the forecast provided. During the flight the aircraft climbed from 1000 to 10 000 feet with the temperature profile being observed. I am grateful for Gerry's copies of the meteorological material relevant to this flight.

Another flight by RAAF Liberator departed Laverton (Melbourne) on 13 March and flew 850 nautical miles on a course of 185 degrees, returning to Laverton. Charlie James, forecaster at the Essendon aviation office flew as meteorological observer. Bruce Retallack was responsible for preparation of a forecast and briefing of the crew.

On 14 March a RAAF Lincoln aircraft flew from East Sale for photographic reconnaissance of Macquarie Island and returned to Laverton (Melbourne). Harry Ashton joined the crew as meteorological observer. John Lillywhite provided the forecast and briefing at East Sale while Bruce Retallack debriefed the crew at Laverton.

The French had been active in Adelie Land before World War II and soon established a base in that area. They used Hobart as a port for resupply and Vic Bahr, as Divisional Meteorologist in Hobart, took the initiative of making contact with them and offering to assist and entertain them. He developed a particularly close liaison with them, meeting their ship on arrival from France or Adelie Land and farewelling them on departure.

The UK, Chile and Argentina were keen to establish areas of sovereignty in the Antarctic Peninsula and bases were established in that area.

The rival claims of the UK and US for Heard Island led to the UK persuading Australia to establish an ANARE base there while other bases were established by the French on nearby Kerguelen Island and by the South Africans on Marion Island to the west.

Matthew Fontaine Maury would have been overjoyed to see his dreams being realised in the Southern Ocean and Antarctica.

People in Bright Sparcs - Ashton, Henry Tamblyn (Harry); Bahr, Victor John; Hogan, John (Doc); Lillywhite, John Wilson; Maury, Matthew Fontaine; Retallack, Bruce James; Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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