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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 6

I Construction During The Settlement Years

II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material

III Structural Steel

IV Concrete Technology

V Housing
i First Settlement Technology
ii Development of the Industry
iii The Adoption of Solar Energy for Water Heating
iv Most Favourable Construction Productivity
v Housing in Cyclone Prone Localities

VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing

VII Ports And Harbours

VIII Roads

IX Heavy Foundations

X Bridges

XI Sewerage

XII Water Engineering

XIII Railways

XIV Major Buildings

XV Airports

XVI Thermal Power Stations

XVII Materials Handling

XVIII Oil Industry

XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme

XX The Sydney Opera House

XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge

XXII Hamersley Iron

XXIII North West Shelf

Sources and References


Contact us

For the majority of Australians in the middle to upper income range, the single detached house is the preferred form of shelter. There are many others -rental accommodation, welfare housing, flats or apartments, cluster, row and retirement housing, custom-built and luxury housing and the restoration and renovation of older homes in inner areas of our major cities. But in looking at the innovations and technologies developed over the past 200 years, we can safely take as our model the traditional Australian dream, a detached house on a quarter-acre block. While the dream is common throughout Australia, the style of housing reflects a number of local limitations and variations.

Factors that have influenced the style of housing include heat, cold, cyclones, bush-fires, rock, sand, desert and even termites. Probably the most dominant influence on the first settlers to this harsh country was the need for shelter from the elements -particularly the sun.

People in Bright Sparcs - Rowell, L. E.

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© 1988 Print Edition pages 331 - 332, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher