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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 6

I Construction During The Settlement Years

II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material

III Structural Steel

IV Concrete Technology

V Housing
i First Settlement Technology
ii Development of the Industry
iii The Adoption of Solar Energy for Water Heating
iv Most Favourable Construction Productivity
v Housing in Cyclone Prone Localities

VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing

VII Ports And Harbours

VIII Roads

IX Heavy Foundations

X Bridges

XI Sewerage

XII Water Engineering

XIII Railways

XIV Major Buildings

XV Airports

XVI Thermal Power Stations

XVII Materials Handling

XVIII Oil Industry

XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme

XX The Sydney Opera House

XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge

XXII Hamersley Iron

XXIII North West Shelf

Sources and References


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First Settlement Technology

Early Australian houses were very primitive, and ranged from bough shelters with only a roof and no walls through to bush and bark huts, log cabins, slab, wattle-and-daub, thatched and sod huts. Since there was an abundant supply of timber, it was used for walls, roofs, floors, doors, windows and even chimneys (Fig. 13).

Figure 13

13 Horizontal Wattle and daub home with bark roof and parged chimney (From Rude Timber Buildings in Australia, by Freeland, Cox and Stacey)

Figure 14

14 Horizontal wattle and daub, iron roof and timber chimney (From Rude Timber Buildings in Australia, by Freeland, Cpx and Stacey)

Then by the middle of the 1800s, because of substantial deposits of good clays, a number of brick works had come into production, supplying a small but growing population. Due to the influx of stonemasons amongst the swelling tide of immigrants, stone buildings, particularly in the southern States, were quite common in the early years.

People in Bright Sparcs - Rowell, L. E.

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© 1988 Print Edition page 332, Online Edition 2000
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