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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 6

I Construction During The Settlement Years

II The Use Of Timber As A Structural Material

III Structural Steel
i The Entertainment Centres at Sydney and Brisbane
ii The Centrepoint Tower, Sydney
iii The Merivale Rail Bridge - Brisbane

IV Concrete Technology

V Housing

VI Industrialised Pre-cast Concrete Housing

VII Ports And Harbours

VIII Roads

IX Heavy Foundations

X Bridges

XI Sewerage

XII Water Engineering

XIII Railways

XIV Major Buildings

XV Airports

XVI Thermal Power Stations

XVII Materials Handling

XVIII Oil Industry

XIX The Snowy Mountains Scheme

XX The Sydney Opera House

XXI The Sydney Harbour Bridge

XXII Hamersley Iron

XXIII North West Shelf

Sources and References


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Structural Steel

The history of iron production in Australia started with the commissioning in 1848 of a small blast furnace for the Fitzroy Iron Works at Mittagong in N.S.W. Another blast furnace was built in Lithgow in 1875, but the first steel was not produced until 1900, when Mr. W. Sandford completed the first steel furnace at Lithgow. All these early attempts to produce iron and steel failed because they could not compete with cheap iron and steel imported from England, often at low freight rates as back-loading on the wool and grain clippers. In 1908 Messrs. G. & C. Hoskins, encouraged by the N.S.W. Government, took over the Sandford works and by 1925 had developed an integrated steel works at Lithgow, drawing iron ore supplies from a number of locations in N.S.W. and Tasmania. The works became Australian Iron & Steel Ltd. in 1928 and produced approximately 100,000 tons of iron and steel per year. Steel produced at Lithgow was used to produce railway rails, armaments, large diameter steel locking bar water mains for Sydney and Brisbane and reinforcing bars for many notable Sydney buildings, some of which are still standing. In 1915 the Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited commissioned its first blast furnace at Newcastle and in 1935 took over A.I. & S. Limited which, by this time, had built a new steel works at Port Kembla.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Australian Iron and Steel Pty Ltd (A.I.S.); Fitzroy Iron Works, Mittagong; G. & C. Hoskins Ltd

People in Bright Sparcs - Cameron, I. G.; Sandford, W.

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© 1988 Print Edition page 321, Online Edition 2000
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