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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 7

I The First 100 Years 1788-1888

II Railways

III Motorised Vehicles

IV Aviation

V Modern Shipping
i Shipbuilding Industry
ii Changes in the Shipping Industry Through Improved Technology

VI Innovative Small Craft

VII Conclusion

VIII Acknowledgements

IX Contributors



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Changes in the Shipping Industry Through Improved Technology (continued)

Another industry development in technically advanced shipborne equipment aimed at quicker turn-around time, is for the design of a ship with integral discharge capability. The 1000 ton per hour continuous self unloading bulk carrier T.N.T. Alltrans was specifically designed to enable rapid self unloading of alumina at the smelter in Bell Bay Tasmania and Bluff New Zealand. This 34,000 ton bulk carrier has four specially designed holds and incorporates a sophisticated combined pneumatic and mechanical conveying system which enables collection and vertical lifting to a slewable unloading jib 16 M above the main deck.

This innovative material handling system was chosen after consideration of the abrasive nature of the fine grain alumina cargo, the economical use of space, low energy consumption, high discharge rate and low relative maintenance compared to alternative methods.

Particular requirements of Electrolytic Zinc Pty. Ltd., to carry zinc concentrate from Port Pirie in South Australia and Burnie in Northern Tasmania to their zinc refinery located at Risdon in Southern Tasmania, plus the transport of zinc ingots from Risdon to the mainland ports, presented a unique multi role shipping problem.

The vessel developed to undertake this task was Zincmaster which combined bulk carrying capacity for concentrate, together with roll on roll off facilities for zinc ingots using a low ramp. Due to the physical separation of the roll on roll off operation from the ore handling activity, unloading of concentrate by wharf cranes equipped with grabs, is undertaken simultaneously with loading of bundled ingots by heavy fork lifts.

This simultaneous discharge and loading capability significantly reduced port time compared to previous practice. A later requirement was that Zincmaster should have the capability of carrying 5000 tons of concentrated sulphuric acid, and so a 20 metre mid-body section containing the new acid tanks, pumprooms and auxiliaries were added. These modifications made this 15,000 ton dw vessel a very versatile, multi role carrier.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Acco Transport, Adelaide; Electrolytic Zinc Pty Ltd (EZ)

People in Bright Sparcs - Campbell, Robert

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© 1988 Print Edition pages 525 - 526, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher