Page 902
Previous/Next Page
Federation and MeteorologyBureau of Meteorology
Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950
Warren the Man
Warren Joins the Bureau
Wartime Perceptions and Attitudes
Return to Civvy Street
People in the Bureau
Re-establishing and Reorganising the Bureau
Reorganisation of Central Office
The Position of Chief Scientific Officer
Post-War Reorganisation
The Haldane Story
Public Weather Services
The New South Wales Divisional Office
The Victorian Divisional Office
The Queensland Divisional Office
The South Australian Divisional Office
The Western Australian Divisional Office
The Tasmanian Divisional Office
Pre-war Services for Civil Aviation
Post-War Meteorological Service for Aviation
Indian Ocean Survey Flight
The Aviation Field Staff
Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting
Antarctic and Southern Ocean Meteorology
A Wider Scientific Horizon
Research, Development and Special Investigations
Analysts' Conference, April 1950
Instruments and Observations
Radar Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Climate and Statistics
The Universities
Achievements of the Warren Years

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



Contact us

Synoptic Analysis, Prognosis and Forecasting (continued)

During the war both offices distributed their synoptic analyses (and prognoses) to Divisional and field offices to give the staff of those offices a second opinion on the broad-scale synoptic pattern and its future development. Staff of the Divisional and field offices were originally disinclined to use these 'second opinions' but as the volume of observational data and the demand for forecasts increased it became obvious that the task of synoptic analysis, prognosis and weather forecasting placed a heavy burden on the field office forecasters. It became important for the field office forecasters to have the assistance of the CAO in the preparation of the analysis and prognostic charts.

My memory suggests that Ralph Holmes was the leader of the CAO in 1946. I recall that John Lillywhite, Neil McRae, Reg Clarke, Steve Lloyd, Henry Phillpot and I worked shifts to cover the period from about 6 am to 10.30 pm seven days a week. Fred Leake, Paddy Chapman and some ex-WAAAFs plotted the information on the mean sea level and upper charts which we analysed and from which we produced prognostic charts. The charts were encoded and transmitted by teleprinter in a series of five-figure groups. We analysed the charts each three hours from 3 am to 9 pm and upper air charts once a day.

We each had our own style of analysis and prognosis and I well remember Reg Clarke and I having vigorous discussions on the merits of our differing ideas. These discussions took place during the brief periods when shifts overlapped.

Pat Squires, a brilliant research meteorologist and member of the 1937 forecasting course was an original member of AMFA established in Melbourne in the early 1940s. He was later joined by Max Cassidy and Henry Phillpot. Pat had been posted to Mascot aerodrome on finishing his forecasters' course but did not find it easy to adapt to the routine of providing forecasts for aviation in the absence of adequate information. After working with our RAAF Command meteorological section in Brisbane in 1945 he resigned from the Bureau to join the Radiophysics Section of CSIR.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Air Mass and Frontal Analysis Section (AMFA); Central Analysis Office (CAO)

People in Bright Sparcs - Clarke, Reginald Henry; Holmes, Ralph Aubrey Edward; Lillywhite, John Wilson; Lloyd, Stephen Henry (Steve); McRae, John Neil; Phillpot, Henry Robert; Squires, Patrick; Warren, Herbert Norman

Previous Page Bureau of Meteorology Next Page

Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher