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Technology in Australia 1788-1988Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
Table of Contents

Chapter 11

I The Present Energy Economy

II Australian Energy Consumption

III Research And Development

IV Coal

V Oil And Natural Gas

VI Solar Energy
i Research and Development
ii The state of the art
iii Collectors
iv The solar water heating industry
v Industrial applications
vi Swimming pool heating
vii Building heating and cooling
viii Photovoltaics
ix Wind power
x Cooling
xi The International Solar Energy Society

VII Nuclear Energy

VIII Bagasse Firewood And Other Biomass

IX Electric Power Generation And Distribution electric Power Generation And Distribution

X Manufactured Gas

XI Industrial Process Heat



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The solar water heating industry (continued)

The Australian solar water heating industry has been a remarkable success story. By 1973 about 20,000 sq m of collectors had been installed throughout the country, but from that time annual factory production has increased from 8770 sq m in 1973/74 to 200,000 sq m in 1981/82 an average increase of 50 per cent each year for the 8 years. It has been estimated that by 1985 there were about 1.12 million sq m of solar collectors operating in Australia, generating annually some 2.8 PJ/y (joules X 1015). While this is only 0.3 per cent of end use energy for heating purposes, it is equivalent to 5 per cent of annual hydro-electric power generation.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - CSIRO

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© 1988 Print Edition page 808, Online Edition 2000
Published by Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher