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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3

The system for collecting fallout samples was improved by increasing the number of sticky paper and air monitoring stations to 85.

The meteorological team for the Antler series comprised Henry Phillpot as leader, Errol Mizon, Bob Southern, a Canadian meteorologist and about eight observers, some of whom worked on the range before the explosion near ground zero, making pilot balloon observations.

The meteorologists also had observations made from Shackleton aircraft over the Great Australian Bight to assist their forecasts. Conditions in which winds were light near ground level often made forecasting difficult, particularly with regard to safety of the fallout around ground zero. The British team of scientists continued to make predictions of local fallout and height reached by the atomic cloud, the forecast for Antler 1 being accurate. The forecast for Antler 2 predicted a base of the atomic cloud at 9 100 feet and top at 14 000 feet, whereas the base was 17 500 feet and top 24 600 feet. These errors in the British scientific team's predictions made it difficult for the AWTSC to decide whether fallout was likely to cause hazardous conditions for the Australian population.

Henry Phillpot and Bob Southern appear to be the Bureau staff having the longest period of service with the range of tests. Bob says he spent six months away from his home in Perth participating in the Mosaic and Buffalo series in 1956 and another six weeks in the Antler series in 1957. In addition, after posting to the Central Analysis Office in Melbourne, he spent two months at Maralinga for minor trials, described in later paragraphs.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - Central Analysis Office (CAO)

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Phillpot, Henry Robert

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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