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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Research and Special Investigations

In discussing research and special investigations in the Bureau during the Dwyer years it is appropriate to quote from a 12 page paper titled 'Research in a national meteorological service' which I delivered to the Bureau's management conference in April 1960. More details of that conference are in later paragraphs of this chapter.

The list of references appended to the paper includes Taffy Bowen's 1945 proposal for the formation of a meteorological section within CSIR, the 1956 report of Lord Brazabon's committee to review the organisation of the UK Meteorological Office, Bill Priestley's 1947 proposal for a program for the CSIR's Meteorological Section, and Simpson's 1939 report on research and training in the Bureau.

My paper referred to the wide variety of activities which could be described as research and the range of opinions on how the value of research could be assessed. I advanced the view that a national meteorological service should pursue a range of activities from pure research to the application of existing knowledge to specific problems. Although 37 years have elapsed since the presentation of that paper I feel that much of it is still relevant. I believe that Len Dwyer thought well of the paper but there were a host of more pressing management problems occupying his mind and it was not until after his death that I was able to take steps to seek more resources for research in the Bureau.

At the time of my appointment as Supervising Meteorologist (Research) in August 1948 there was no member of the Bureau's staff engaged full-time in meteorological research. For me there was always some area of the Bureau's activity requiring routine administrative duties such as reviewing the program of the Central Analysis Section, examination of proposals for reorganisation, attention to WMO matters, attendance at seminars, committees, working groups and conferences, and provision of advice on a wide range of scientific questions.

People in Bright Sparcs - Bowen, Edward George (Taffy); Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Priestley, Charles Henry Brian (Bill)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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