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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Research and Special Investigations (continued)

Research in the Bureau was traditionally carried out as a part-time activity by meteorologists and engineers in Central Office, Divisional Offices and field offices who had responsibility for routine duties in fields such as synoptic analysis and prognosis, weather forecasting, climatological duties, training, instruments and observations and provision of advice to the staff of institutions engaged in weather-sensitive activities. Much of the research was carried out by meteorologists and engineers in off-duty hours.

Particularly in the Dwyer years there were specific areas of Bureau activity requiring the development of new techniques to meet specific objectives such as the improvement of weather forecasts and warnings for the general public and specialist users such as those engaged in aviation, agriculture, regional development, industry, commerce, atomic weapons tests and many other similar areas.

Examination of publications and reports reveals the range of subjects researched. The 28 issues of the AMM published during the Dwyer years contain over 100 papers by Bureau staff including those by Harry Ashton on air conditioning, Allen Bath and Herbie Whittingham on tropical cyclones and synoptic analysis in the tropics, Harold Bond and Allan Brunt on floods, Reg Clarke on sea-breezes, Reg Clarke, J. C. Foley, Bill Gibbs and Neil McRae on upper air divergence and cyclogenesis. Bob Dingle, Keith Morley and Peter Shaw on Antarctic meteorology, Gwynne Wilson, Don Douglas and Herbie Whittingham on fire weather. Bill Gibbs and George Rutherford on meteorological satellites, Col Hounam on evaporation, Sima Karelsky on long-range forecasting, Ross Maine on numerical prediction, Bill Gibbs and Jack Langford on Southern Ocean meteorology, and Gerry O'Mahony on cloud seeding and on rainfall periodicity.

As reported in item 40 of issue No 8 of Weather News (March 1957) in 1954 I had obtained the approval of E. W. Timcke and J. C. Foley that we should have a system of project reports in which all research and investigations carried out in the various offices of the Bureau could be coordinated and promulgated. Progress with this system is recorded in annual summaries in Weather News Nos 37, 49, 61 and 73 in the month of August in the years 1959 to 1962. The summaries list the published reports of the various projects. In addition to the more than 100 articles published in the AMM during the Dwyer years the list contains 23 Working Papers, nine Project Reports, 24 papers prepared for internal conferences, 11 Meteorological Summaries, two Meteorological Studies and two Bulletins. The published form of these articles ranged from loose leaf roneoed reports to bound, printed publications. The papers covered a wide range of subjects with authors from various offices of the Bureau.

People in Bright Sparcs - Ashton, Henry Tamblyn (Harry); Bath, Allen Tristram; Bond, Harold George; Brunt, Allan Thomas; Clarke, Reginald Henry; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Foley, James Charles; Maine, Ross; McRae, John Neil; O'Mahony, Gerard (Gerry); Shaw, Peter; Timcke, Edward Waldemar; Whittingham, Herbert E. (Herb)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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