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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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International Activities

Len Dwyer had made a tour of the US and Europe in 1953 and quickly appreciated that the Bureau would derive great benefit from a deeper understanding of the manner in which the more advanced meteorological services of the world operated. I do not have an intimate knowledge of Len's international activities in the early years of his period as Director of Meteorology. He assumed control of the Bureau at about the time of the sessions of the WMO Second Congress in Geneva in 1955.

I believe that at that time the former Deputy Director (Tasmania) of the Bureau, V. J. (Vic) Bahr was administrative officer of the WMO Secretariat and was of great assistance to Len at the meetings of Congress.

Norman Warren had impressed his international colleagues at the meetings of the IMO Conference of Directors, its Technical Commissions and the important meetings of its IMC. I do not know how E. W. Timcke, a somewhat reserved and retiring man, had impressed the other delegates when he attended the First WMO Congress in Paris in 1951 but I have no doubt that when Len Dwyer appeared at the second Congress in Geneva he made an immediate impression with his direct, forthright manner and a somewhat pronounced Australian accent and manner of speech. I do know that Francis Reichelderfer, who had known and admired H. N. Warren, had a high opinion of Len's initiative and ability.

Len participated in the 1954 meeting in Melbourne of the WMO's RA V at which E. W. Timcke was principal delegate for Australia. Len attended the second session of RA V in Manila in 1958 where he was elected President of the Association. Ralph Holmes attended that meeting as Len's adviser.

People in Bright Sparcs - Bahr, Victor John; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Holmes, Ralph Aubrey Edward; Timcke, Edward Waldemar; Warren, Herbert Norman

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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