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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



Contact us

International Antarctic Analysis Centre

The operation of the Weather Central was an international project with meteorologists from Argentina, Australia, France, USSR and US working there.

Bureau meteorologist Keith Morley was selected in September 1957 to work at Little America and served in the Weather Central from December of that year until December 1958. Keith joined the Bureau in 1950, having previously served as a schoolteacher in the South Australia Department of Education and as an instructor in the Royal Australian Navy. His early career in the Bureau included service in CAWDS of the Bureau's Central Office.

In February 1959, having returned to Australia from the Weather Central, Keith participated in the Antarctic symposium and joined Henry Phillpot when the Melbourne International Antarctic Analysis Centre commenced operation in February 1959 with Henry as Leader.

The Australian Government had accepted the invitation of CSAGI and SCAR to establish a centre in Melbourne to carry on the functions of an Antarctic Weather Central. This and earlier chapters of these reminiscences have mentioned the outstanding service Henry Phillpot had given in analysis centres in Melbourne and Brisbane during and after the war and his significant contributions in providing crucial meteorological advice for the atomic weapons tests conducted by the British Atomic Weapons Research Establishment in Australia from 1951 to 1957. Henry's performance in leading the team of meteorologists engaged in those tests made him an ideal choice as Leader of the International Antarctic Analysis Centre (IAAC) in Melbourne.

Henry was responsible to a Joint Working Party consisting of Len Dwyer as chairman and executive adviser, Professor L. J. H. Huxley and Bill Priestley (representing the Academy of Science). The aims of the IAAC were to:

  1. develop scientific analysis techniques;

  2. produce regular synoptic analyses for the surface and upper air for the Antarctic and adjacent regions northward to 30S;

  3. make these analyses available for operational purposes and for research in related sciences; and

  4. investigate problems of Antarctic meteorology.

Organisations in Australian Science at Work - International Antarctic Analysis Centre

People in Bright Sparcs - Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Phillpot, Henry Robert; Priestley, Charles Henry Brian (Bill)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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