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Table of Contents

Memories of the Bureau, 1946 to 1962





Chapter 1: The Warren Years, 1946 to 1950

Chapter 2: International Meteorology

Chapter 3: The Timcke Years, 1950 to 1955

Chapter 4: A Year at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Chapter 5: The Dwyer Years, 1955 to 1962
Leonard Joseph Dwyer—A Complex Character
Reorganising the Bureau
Public Weather Services
Forecasts for the General Public
Importance of Radio Stations
The Advent of Television
Automatic Telephone Forecast Service
Wording and Verification of Forecasts
Services for Aviation
Atomic Weapons Tests
Atomic Weapons Tests—Mosaic G1 and G2
Atomic Weapons Tests—Buffalo 1, 2, 3 and 4
Atomic Weapons Tests—Operations Antler, 2 and 3
Atomic Weapons Tests—Minor Trials
Instruments and Observations
Radar/Radio Winds and Radar Weather Watch
Automatic Weather Stations
Meteorological Satellites
Tropical Cyclones
Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones
International Symposium on Tropical Cyclones, Brisbane
Design of Water Storages, Etc
Flood Forecasting
Cloud Seeding
Reduction of Evaporation
Rain Seminar
Cloud Physics
Fire Weather
Research and Special Investigations
International Activities
The International Geophysical Year
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean
International Symposium on Antarctic Meteorology
International Antarctic Analysis Centre
ADP, EDP and Computers
Management Conference
Services Conference
CSIRO and the Universities
Achievements of the Dwyer Years

Chapter 6: A Springboard for the Future

Appendix 1: References

Appendix 2: Reports, Papers, Manuscripts

Appendix 3: Milestones

Appendix 4: Acknowledgements

Appendix 5: Summary by H. N. Warren of the Operation of the Meteorological Section of Allied Air Headquarters, Brisbane, 1942–45



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Bureau Conference on Tropical Cyclones

After much discussion and planning in Central Office in Melbourne a tropical cyclone conference was organised at the Divisional Office, Brisbane, from 13 to 16 September 1955.

Participants included senior staff of Central Office (L. J. Dwyer, V. J. Bahr, W. J. Gibbs, A. K. Hannay, H. R. Phillpot), the Brisbane Divisional Office (B. W. Newman, A. T. Bath, A. Brunt), G. W. Mackey (Deputy Director, Divisional Office, Perth), H. G. Bond (Divisional Office, Sydney), Area Meteorological Officers located at Garbutt and Mascot aerodromes (F. Bell and A. C. White), aviation forecasters most of whom were stationed at aerodromes along the Queensland coast (V. Deering, G. Heath, H. McCann, M. P. Neilsen, C. W. Rodd, P. Ryan), and F. T. Hannan (OIC of the Darwin aviation office).

Forecasters from the Brisbane Divisional Office (McKinna, Marles, Phillips, Spillane, Whittingham and Wilkie) and aviation forecasters from Eagle Farm (Carpenter, Parr, Swan and Thompson) also attended when available from duty.

This detailed list of those attending is included to indicate that the emphasis of the conference was to examine the state of the tropical cyclone warning system not only from a theoretical vantage point, but also from the point of view of those engaged in the business of making the decisions on the nature of the advice given to the general public and special users such as those in relief agencies and those engaged in the aviation industry.

Fourteen working papers were prepared and distributed to all participants before the conference. Not all of the authors of the working papers are listed as attending. It seems that there was no formal presentation of papers, participants having studied them before the conference. Although not all of the authors were present, the comments of those not attending are listed at the end of reports of discussions, having been added to the report after the conference.

Authors not attending were J. C. Foley, J. Hennessy and H. Brann, J. Hogan (probably 'Doc'), G. O'Mahony and S. W. S. Robertson. Authors participating in the conference were A. T. Bath, F. Bell, H. G. Bond, W. J. Gibbs, A. K. Hannay, G. W. Mackey and B. W. Newman.

The standard of the papers demonstrates that authors had given much thought to their preparation and had consulted the latest available literature on their subject. The record of discussions reveals a degree of knowledge of the structure and theory of development and movement of tropical cyclones which many of today's younger meteorologists might find surprising to have been understood over 40 years ago.

People in Bright Sparcs - Bahr, Victor John; Bath, Allen Tristram; Bell, Fred; Bond, Harold George; Brann, Harold Walter Allen Neale (Bill); Brunt, Allan Thomas; Dwyer, Leonard Joseph; Foley, James Charles; Hannay, Alexander Keith (Keith); Hogan, John (Doc); Mackey, George William; Newman, Bernard William (Bernie); O'Mahony, Gerard (Gerry); Phillpot, Henry Robert; Ryan, Patrick (Pat); Spillane, Kevin Thomas; White, Arthur Charles; Whittingham, Herbert E. (Herb)

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Gibbs, W. J. 1999 'A Very Special Family: Memories of the Bureau of Meteorology 1946 to 1962', Metarch Papers, No. 13 May 1999, Bureau of Meteorology

© Online Edition Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre and Bureau of Meteorology 2001
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